Guide to the Records of the Moor's Indian Charity School, 1760 - 1915Manuscript DA-403

Full Finding Aid

Title:

Guide to the Records of the Moor's Indian Charity School, 1760 - 1915

Call Number:

Manuscript DA-403

Collection Dates:

1760 - 1915

Size of Collection:

5 boxes (4.5 linear ft)

Abstract:

Named for early benefactor Joshua Moor, founded by the Rev. Eleazar Wheelock in Lebanon Crank (now Columbia), Connecticut, and receiving much of its financial support from funds provided by the Scottish Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge, Moors Indian Charity School relocated to Hanover, New Hampshire, in 1770, along with the founding and establishment of Dartmouth College. Records are primarily financial and document revenue and expenses of the School, the Fund, and include accounts with students, faculty, and merchants.

Access to Collection:

Unrestricted.

Use & Access

The materials represented in this guide may be accessed through the Rauner Special Collections Library at Dartmouth College. Rauner Library is located in Webster Hall. The materials must be used on-site and may not leave Rauner Library.

Rauner Special Collections Library is open to the public and in most cases no appointment is necessary. The exception is in the case of materials stored off site for which there may be a delay of up to 48 hours in retrieval. Please consult the Access to Collection statement below or contact Rauner Reference.

Access to Collection

Unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

Permission from Dartmouth College required for publication or reproduction.

Introduction to the Collection

Receipts, vouchers, ledger, daybooks and journals documenting expenses of Moors Indian Charity School, primarily the cost of educating and providing board for students of the School. Also documents management of the Scottish Fund, and includes records of the School's board of trustees.

Introduction

In 1735, Eleazar Wheelock opened a college preparatory "Lattin School" in Lebanon, Connecticut to educate students of English descent. Wheelock's first Indian pupil was Samson Occom, a Mohegan who studied with Wheelock for four years beginning in 1743. Occom's success prompted Wheelock to enroll two more Indian pupils, John Pumshire and Jacob Woolley, both from the Delaware tribe, beginning in December of 1754.

Wheelock's students received a classical education. Wheelock hoped his Indian students would become missionaries who would return to convert their tribes at a lower cost and higher rate of success than could be achieved by English missionaries. Wheelock's school was renamed Moor's Indian Charity School for Joshua Moor, who donated a house and two acres of land in Lebanon, Connecticut to Wheelock's efforts. The school enrolled both white and Indian students. Of the more than 100 Indian students who attended Moor's Charity School while Wheelock was living, only Daniel Simon, who entered the school in 1768 or 1769, received a college degree within Wheelock's lifetime.

Wheelock's first female student, Amy Johnson, studied at Moor's Charity School beginning in 1761. Female students lived with local families and received one day a week of tutelage at Wheelock's school.

Moor's Indian Charity School received financial support from the Connecticut and Massachusetts Legislatures, as well as the Scottish Society for Propagating Christian Knowledge (SSPCK). The "Scottish Fund" provided support for Indian students to attend Kimball Union Academy and Thetford Academy, as well as Moor's Charity School and Dartmouth.

In 1770, school was moved to Hanover, NH where Wheelock opened Dartmouth College. Moor's Charity School continued to educate students at a college preparatory level. Much of the money raised by Wheelock and Samson Occom in England, ostensibly intended for the support of Native pupils at Moor's Charity School, was used for the development of Dartmouth College. However, SSPCK funds were tightly controlled and reserved specifically for the support of Native students. Dartmouth and Moor's Charity School struggled unsuccessfully for decades to expand the use of the SSPCK funds so that the money could be used for general support of the College.

By 1808, only 3 of 38 students at Moor's Charity School were Native American. The school was closed from 1829 to 1838 due to financial difficulties, but SSPCK funds continued to support the few native students who attended Dartmouth. Moor's Charity School closed for good in 1849 or 1850.

In 1915, the Supreme Court of New Hampshire ordered that the funds from Moor's Charity School be transferred to Dartmouth College, marking the legal end of an organization that had long since ceased to educate students.

Related Material

DA-42, Records of the Society in Scotland for Propagating Christian Knowledge, 1794-1892.

Series, Box & Folder List

Series 26375, Financial and Administrative records, 1760-1915

Primarily financial records documenting the income and revenue of the School, including student, faculty, and merchant accounts, as well as the relationship between the School and Dartmouth College.

Box: 5396, Dates: 1814-1915

Financial and legal records

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box Contents

  • Folder: Copy of accounts against Moors, 1808-1813, 1814
  • Folder: Account of Monies received in tuition, 1814 August - 1815 August
  • Folder: Correspondence, 1816-1855
  • Folder: President Brown's appointment of Mills Olcott, attorney and president, 1819 September 25
  • Folder: Nathan Lord transfer of town of Wheelock, VT, from Moors Indian Charity School to Dartmouth, 1831 October 20
  • Folder: Suggestions for Trustees, 1857 February
  • Folder: Statement in regard to Moors Charity School, by Samuel Colcord Bartlett, circa 1890
  • Folder: Summary of expenses, 1767-1817, 1817
  • Folder: Receipts, expenses, net by year, 1801-1857, 1858 August
  • Folder: Account with Nathan Lord, 1832-1865
  • Folder: Preliminary accounts , 1870-1874
  • Folder: Schedule of rents in Wheelock, 1829-1863
  • Folder: Scheduleof rents in Wheelock, 1864-1878
  • Folder: Leasees accounts, 1832-1842
  • Folder: Moor's Charity School papers as handed down to Nathan Lord (receipts, vouchers, rent schedules), 1820-1826
  • Folder: Receipts, vouchers and bills, 1814-1829
  • Folder: Receipts, vouchers and bills, 1814-1829
  • Folder: Receipts, vouchers and bills, 1830-1839
  • Folder: Receipts, vouchers and bills, 1830-1839
  • Folder: Receipts, vouchers and bills, 1840-1859
  • Folder: Receipts, vouchers and bills, 1860-1874
  • Folder: Receipts, vouchers and bills, 1875-1895
  • Folder: Receipts, vouchers and bills11913-1915

Box: 5397, Dates: 1789-1897

Board of Trustee meeting minutes; ledger

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box Contents

  • Folder: Board of trustee meetings, 1808-1815
  • Folder: Board of Trustees meeting, 1808-1897
  • Folder: Ledger, 1789-1851

Box: 5398, Dates: 1799-1915

Ledgers, journals, rent rolls

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box Contents

  • Folder: Scotch Fund ledger (abridged from Dartmouth College ledgers), account, 1799-1817
  • Folder: Rent rolls (Wheelock, VT), 1831-1838
  • Folder: Rent rolls (Wheelock, VT), 1852-1857
  • Folder: Rent rolls (Wheelock, VT), 1862-1865
  • Folder: Journal: F. Chases, agent, in account with the President of Moors Charity Shcool, 1875-1897
  • Folder: Journal: B. Taylor, agent, Wheelock leases, 1907
  • Folder: Ledger: Charles Chase, Treasurer, in account with President; daybook, 1912-1915

Box: 5399, Dates: 1760-1779

Ledgers, daybooks

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box Contents

  • Folder: Moors Ledger (Ledger B) with index, 1760-1779
  • Folder: Ledger 2 (with index) , 1769-1771
  • Folder: Ledger: Charity School new Accounts (Eleazer Wheelock's Book of accounts with the Charity School), 1767 May -1779
  • Folder: Daybook, 1767-1772
  • Folder: Daybook (Indian Charity School Daybook No. 2) , 1765-1767

Box: 5400, Dates: 1771-1775

Daybooks

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box Contents

  • Folder: Daybook, 1771-1772
  • Folder: Daybook, 1772-1773
  • Folder: Daybook, 1773-1774
  • Folder: Daybook, 1774-1775

Finding Aids