Guide to the Papers of Allen L. King, 1863 - 2003Manuscript MS-1032

Full Finding Aid

Title:

Guide to the Papers of Allen L. King, 1863 - 2003

Call Number:

Manuscript MS-1032

Collection Dates:

1863 - 2003

Size of Collection:

31 boxes (47 linear ft.)

Abstract:

Allen L. King, born 1910, Dartmouth College physics professor. Contains academic papers, drafts, exams, course notes, correspondence, and professional membership information. The collection documents King's heavy involvement with physics, both as a professor of the science at Dartmouth and an active member of the physics community at large.

Access to Collection:

Unrestricted.

Use & Access

The materials represented in this guide may be accessed through the Rauner Special Collections Library at Dartmouth College. Rauner Library is located in Webster Hall. The materials must be used on-site and may not leave Rauner Library.

Rauner Special Collections Library is open to the public and in most cases no appointment is necessary. The exception is in the case of materials stored off site for which there may be a delay of up to 48 hours in retrieval. Please consult the Access to Collection statement below or contact Rauner Reference.

Access to Collection

Unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

Permission from Dartmouth College required for publication or reproduction.

Introduction to the Collection

The Allen L. King papers document King's heavy involvement with physics, both as a professor at Dartmouth College and an active member of the physics community at large. It contains many of his papers on physics research and experiments, both in draft and printed form. Dartmouth-related materials include exams and course notes from his teachings, as well as evidence of his work assembling the clock and historical scientific apparatus exhibition at the college. In addition, King's membership in numerous physics organizations is documented, with special emphasis on his outreach to high school physics teachers, done partly through the Visiting Scientists Program, and his work setting up various conferences, especially the International Working Seminar on the Role of the History of Physics in Physics Education.

Biography

Allen L. King, born 1910, Dartmouth College physics professor from 1942 to 1975 and recipient of an honorary Dartmouth Master's Degree in 1948. He received his Bachelor's Degree in chemistry in 1932 and his Master's Degree in physics in 1933 , both from the University of Rochester, and acted as a teaching assistant, research fellow, and instructor there until gaining a teaching position at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, which he assumed from 1937 to 1942. King is the author of several scientific publications, including several on biophysics, as well as the textbook "Thermodynamics." From 1946 to 1956, he served as a consultant to the Behr-Manning Company. At Dartmouth, King was the director of the Physics Department's comprehensive examination and Advanced Placement Program and was chairman of the department from 1955 to 1957. He also directed the Dartmouth College Apparatus Shop, assembling and exhibiting Dartmouth's collection of clocks and historical scientific apparatus. He served as project director of the Northern New England Academy of Science from 1958 to 1964, supervising its Visiting Scientists Program and Conference Workshops for teachers at secondary schools, and also was the New Hampshire Regional Councilor in Physics for the American Institute of Physics and American Association of Physics Teachers. An active "Upper Valley" resident, King was also president and treasurer of the Hanover Co-Op Food Store, helped to organize the Upper Valley Community Credit Union and Upper Valley Land Trust, and was chairman of Hanover's conservation commission and historical society.

Series, Box & Folder List

Series 1, Papers, 1863-2003

Papers

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box: 1, Dates: 1866-1981

Contains graphic data from the Shattuck Observatory gathered for the U.S. Department of Agriculture Weather Bureau, further notebooks of data gathered at the observatory, a guest register for the observatory, a "Manual of Qualitative Analysis, for use in the Chemical Laboratory of Dartmouth College," the publication "Contributions from the Mount Wilson Observatory: The Spectrohelioscope and its Work," binders containing descriptions of physics experiments accompanied by graphical data, correspondence regarding the Visiting Scientists Program in Physics and the Dartmouth College Teacher Preparation Program, information on Dartmouth's travel policy and vouchers for King's travels, and slides of the Rowell Clock Exhibit.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 2, Dates: 1953-1989

Contains laboratory instructions, experimental data, graded papers, exams, syllabi, and manuals from various physics courses, including King's "Elementary Physics: Laboratory Manual and Workbook," NASA's publication "Evaluation of Motion-Degraded Images," programs for "The Dartmouth Society of Physical Scientists," presided over by King, student work from the St. Paul's Summer Program, King's description of his work for the Behr-Manning Project, records of renovations of Wilder Hall, a record of gifts from King to the archives of Berry Library, various newsletters and photocopied articles about physics, correspondence related to King's work with the college's collection of historical scientific apparatus, materials relating to New Hampshire state Geologist C.H. Hitchcock, correspondence relating to a Conference on Tissue Elasticity, and correspondence and other materials documenting King's work with Stephen Brush on the "Report of the International Working Seminar on the Role of the History of Physics in Physics Education."

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 3, Dates: 1900-1967

Contains a record of films about Dartmouth, correspondence and other materials relating to King's work with the Educational Testing Service for the Committee of Examiners for the Physics Achievement Test, instructions for "An Undergraduate Experiment in Fourier-Transform Spectrometry" developed by King, examinations from various physics courses, lecture notes and overhead projection sheets, and an array of published physics research focusing especially on optics and electricity.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 4, Dates: 1945-1965

Contains composition books with notes on various physics topics, materials from the Constitutional Revision Committee of the American Association of Physics Teachers, materials relating to Allan V. Kotmel's research on polarized light, directed by King, evaluations of King's teaching through the Visiting Scientists Program, records of PHS grants investigated by King, binders of course materials and instructional manuals, including copies of King's "Elementary Physics: Laboratory Manual and Workbook" and "A Manual of Experiments for Physics 3 and 13," and correspondence regarding a new physics building and the visit of Professor A.M. Taylor.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 5, Dates: 1955-1992

Contains exhibit labels, miscellaneous correspondence concerning King's role as a physicist and physics professor, photocopied records of a collection of substance specimens, an experimental report in German on the properties of photographic lenses, and course materials for Basic Science.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 6, Dates: 1933-1970

Contains materials from the International Working Seminar on the Role of the History of Physics in Physics Education, including King's paper "Historical Scientific Apparatus in Physics Education," materials from the New Hampshire Academy of Science Moosilauke Ravine Lodge physics teaching conference, materials from his work as the American Association of Physics Teachers and American Institute of Physics Regional Counselor in Physics for New Hampshire, various correspondence concerning Dartmouth and the various physics organizations he worked with, materials from his work with Educational Testing Service, a folder of biographical information, and several of King's reports from photography and physics courses at the University of Rochester.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 7, Dates: 1929-1965

Contains two notebooks of names, one specified as a registry of visiting scientists, other materials from the Visiting Scientists Program, King's bills of purchases for the Northern New England Academy of Science, two grade books and other course materials, materials relating to his work with the State Academies of Science Program and a proposed Conference on Mechanics for College Teachers with the National Science Foundation, scientific journals with articles by other authors, miscellaneous correspondence, several copies of a photograph of scientific apparatus, and five notebooks containing lecture notes. Also contains handwritten and typewritten drafts, critiques, accompanying images, and published versions of King's "Inflation-Deflation Characteristics of Rubber Balloons," "Free Longitudinal Vibrations of Rubber and Tissue Strips," "Elasticity of the Aortic Wall," "Note in Memory of Blind John Gough," "The Elasticity of Soft Body Tissues," "Photoelectric and Thermionic Investigations of Thoriated Tungsten Surfaces," "Bacteria and their Flagella," "Ring Method for Measuring Elastic Moduli," and "Oscillations of a Loaded Rubber Band."

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 8, Dates: 1967-1970

Contains photocopied articles by many authors on the topic of the history of physics in teaching physics, extensive correspondence, financial records, interview transcripts, and reports relating to the International Working Seminar on the Role of History of Physics in Physics Education, and a box of note cards of exam questions as well as exhibit labels.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 9, Dates: 1936-1963

Contains four scrapbooks, mostly displaying clippings and photographs of clocks and antique furniture, several composition books containing physics notes, RSVP cards for the National Science Foundation Conference in Mechanics for College Physics Teachers which King directed, a copy of King's "Elementary Physics: Laboratory Manual and Workbook," and other course manuals.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 10, Dates: 1933-1973

Contains correspondence regarding display of historical scientific apparatus; correspondence and records concerning Advanced Placement of physics students; an analysis and proposal about introductory physics courses; several composition books containing physics notes; King's "Report on The Physical Properties of Small Particles" and "Report on Investigation of Dry Electrodeposition" for the Behr-Manning Corporation; his dissertation for the University of Rochester, entitled, "Photoelectric and Thermionic Investigations of Thoriated Tungsten Surfaces," other articles such as "Mechanics of Elastic and Flow Processes," and a binder containing experiments for physics courses.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 11, Dates: 1910-1970

Contains various scientific journals and physics publications, course materials and student papers, King's published articles "Studies in Refractive Index," "A New Method for Measuring Young's Modulus," and "Ranges and Straggling Coefficients of Alpha-Particles," in addition to two typescripts his "A Manual of Experiments for Physics 3 and 13," and materials relating to the International Working Seminar on the Role of the History of Physics in Physics Education.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 12, Dates: 1932-1976

Contains composition books containing notes from the Behr-Manning Project and other miscellaneous physics notes, King's "Report on the Interaction of Small Particles and Electric Fields" for Behr-Manning, theses submitted to the faculty of Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, and the publication "Perspectives ‘76: being a Compendium of Useful Knowledge About Old-Time Vermont and New Hampshire."

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 13, Dates: 1942-1970

Contains requests for reprints of King's articles, materials relating to King's chairmanship of the New England Section of the American Physical Society, materials from the Special Committee of Seven selected to study the operations of the Faculty Council plan, college correspondence and King's notes regarding universal military training, correspondence offering King positions in war-related research, information regarding the New Hampshire State Science Fair held at Dartmouth, materials concerning the Visiting Scientists Program, membership information for and correspondence related to the New Hampshire Academy of Science, materials related to the Physics Curriculum Committee, a binder of laboratory notes and other materials from the Dartmouth Conference on Mechanics, and general correspondence.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 14, Dates: 1952-1971

Contains financial records and planning information for the Conferences on Oscillations and Waves, Tissue Elasticity, and Mechanics at Dartmouth, materials relating to King's role as a Dartmouth faculty member, including Physics Department information and memoranda from various committees, such as the Premedical Committee, communication with the National Science Foundation regarding their summer institutes program, correspondence regarding King's Fulbright Professorship at University of Rangoon, and course materials from various physics courses.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 15, Dates: 1958-1965

Contains four binders of course materials from various physics courses, ten composition books of physics notes, laboratory notes from the Dartmouth Conference on Mechanics, Allan Vincent Kotmel's masters thesis "Image Formation and Reconstruction: Effects of Polarization of Light and Other Factors on Holograms," and five large binders containing experiment instructions and data, course materials, and miscellaneous physics notes and publications.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 16, Dates: 1937-1970

Contains reprints of King's articles "Simple Viscosimetric Experiment," "A Lens Forms Too Many Images!," "Weight and Weightlessness," "A Mechanism for the Origin of Specifically Oriented Textures in Development with Special Reference to Nitella Wall Texture," "Studies in Refractive Index Part IV," "Circulatory System: Arterial Pulse; Wave Velocity," "Ranges and Straggling Coefficients of Alpha-Particles," "Temperature Correction Methods in Calorimetry," "A New Method for Measuring Young's Modulus," "Some Studies in Tissue Elasticity," "The Spore Discharge Mechanism of Common Ferns," "Biotics: The Physics of Life," "On a Generalization of the Poiseuille Law," "Laboratory Problem in Projectile Motion," "Waves in Elastic Tubes: Velocity of the Pulse Wave in Large Arteries," a movie reel, and correspondence with and papers by Dr. Hans Kangro.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 17, Dates: 1937-1975

Contains correspondence (largely about his papers), faculty memoranda and other materials from the Department of Physics, typewritten drafts, as well as correspondence and experimental data relating to, "Undergraduate Experiment in Fourier Transform Spectrometry," programs from a 1970 physics colloquium, materials from Project Boomerang, correspondence about "Temperature Correction Methods in Calorimetry," several copies of "The Dartmouth College Eye Institute: The Story of its Growth and Work," reprints of his papers "Physical Aspects of Bacterial Growth and Multiplication" and "Pressure-Volume Relation for Cylindrical Tubes with Elastomeric Walls: The Human Aorta," and various articles by other authors, including several sent to him from the U.S. Naval Research Laboratory.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 18, Dates: 1943-1975

Contains a "Laboratory Workbook for a One-Semester Course in College Botany," copies of King's paper "Natural Philosophy at Dartmouth College," copies of the "Wilder Physical Laboratory Report Sheet," a composition book of physics notes, reprints of "An Undergraduate Experiment in Fourier-Transform Spectrometry" and "The Curious Bands of Talbot," a binder of course materials, materials from the Conference on Tissue Elasticity at Dartmouth and the National Science Foundation Summer Institute in Optics at the University of Rochester, instruction booklets for various scientific and photographic apparatus, materials from the Optical Society of America and other documents relating to optics, instructional materials and correspondence from the Center for the History of Physics, and typewritten versions of and correspondence relating to his report "Applications of the Hoover Diffraction Plates for Educational Purposes."

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 19, Dates: 1935-1983

Contains scientific notes arranged by topic, book reviews authored by King, drafts of King's paper "Theory of Frequency Response for Tissue Strips," materials from the Conference on Tissue Elasticity at Dartmouth, documents from King's work on the Graduate Fellowships Committee, Committee to Review Ph. D. Qualifications, and the Premedical Committee, drafts of and correspondence regarding his paper "Free Longitudinal Vibrations of Rubber and Tissue Strips," course materials and Department of Physics Materials, a list of King's publications for the Department of Physics faculty, a book of "Statistics on Dartmouth Applicants to Medical Schools for Fall, 1969," Karen Strauss' thesis "Microwave-Induced Inhibition of Protoplasmic Streaming in Nitella," student recommendations, and miscellaneous correspondence.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 20, Dates: 1949-1964

Contains the 45th and 47th editions of "Handbook of Chemistry and Physics," data and graphs on the elasticity of tissues, typewritten papers on the subject, and correspondence about publishing such research, two notebooks with writing on "The Electret," and alphabetized information on various scientific topics.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 21, Dates: 1942-1973

Contains published articles by other authors, a notebook from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute containing notes on experiments, physics examinations, reprints of King's paper "Multiple Laser Beams for the Elementary Laboratory," various mass physics publications, correspondence regarding King's possible position as a radio technician in World War II, reports of the Visiting Scientists Program and Conferences for the Northern New England Academy of Science, and copies of the Dartmouth College Library Bulletin.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 22, Dates: 1935-1986

Contains a notebook of experiment notes from Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, two composition books of research data from University of Rochester, one composition book of Thomas G. Behling, a research assistant to King, physics examinations, maps of Vermont and New Hampshire, miscellaneous physics notes and experimental data, Sanford C. Brown's "Comforts of a Rumford--Living Happily with Open Fireplaces," files on several people containing articles and letters authored by them, and files containing gathered information on fireplaces, stoves, wood, and various other topics.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 23, Dates: 1942-1971

Contains "Agfa Ansco, 1842-1942: 100 Years of American Photography," memoranda from the International Working Seminar on the Role of the History of Physics in Physics Education, alphebetized files on various people containing articles and letters authored by them, several physics newsletters and other publications, and the Department of Physics and Astronomy Graduate Students Handbook.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 24, Dates: 1944-1970

Contains miscellaneous physics newsletters, interdepartmental faculty correspondence, clippings and publications related to historical scientific apparatus, records and grant proposals of the Visiting Scientists Program, correspondence with the New Hampshire Academy of Science, several notepads containing carbon copies of orders placed, and physics exercises from courses.

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Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 25, Dates: undated

A wooden case holding glass projection slides of instructional scientific images.

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Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 26, Dates: undated

Contains six boomerangs.

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Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 27, Dates: 1937-1993

Contains research on Dartmouth's medical history with emphasis on X-rays, maps of the world and town of Hanover, King's reports "Class VI Highways in the Town of Hanover, N.H.," and "Origin of Hanover's Old Roads," copies of his textbooks "Elementary Physics: Laboratory Manual and Workbook" and "Mechanics of Elastic and Flow Processes," lecture notes for a talk at Braunschweig University, a collection of his writings on historical scientific apparatus and their exhibition, a binder of reprints of several of his papers, notes for his Theromphysics and Optics courses, a binder of handwritten and typewritten versions of his papers, King's correspondence as part of the Gravestone Restoration Committee and Hanover Historical Society, his paper "Comparison of Michroholographic Methods" written with J.T. Walton and Walton's thesis "An Investigation of Holographic Microscopy," and two photographs of the 1944 Physics Department and a U.S. Naval Training Unit at Dartmouth.

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Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 28, Dates: 1933-1974

Contains his Master's diploma from Dartmouth, handwritten and published reprints of several of his articles, a revised edition of his "Elementary Physics: Laboratory Manual and Workbook," correspondence regarding and corrected drafts of his article "Heat" for the Encyclopedia Americana, and thirteen notebooks containing notes on physics courses, grade records, and miscellaneous physics topics.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 29, Dates: 1986-2003

Contains King's autobiographical writings "Tale of a Comet: Commemorating the Return of Halley's in 1986," "My Education," "Fifty Years of Volunteer Activities," "My Career," and "My Retirement," as well as his obituary from the Valley News.

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Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 30, Dates: 1939-1976

Contains a composition book with course materials for Physics 33, another composition book with notes on George W. Daniel's project on rubber and tissue elasticity, a typewritten draft of "Some Consequences of the Brownian Motions of Bacteria and their Flagella," a binder containing a collection of reprints of his articles as well as some loose reprints, a bound manuscript "A Mechanism for the Origin of Specifically Oriented Textures in Development--Special Reference to Nitella Wall Texture" and a printed version of the same, a Dartmouth Alumni Magazine from 1976, lecture notes on "Fluid Dynamics with Applications to Oceans," material from the 1967 American Association of Physics Teachers High School Award to the Hanover Junior-Senior High School, course materials from Physics 2 and a freshman seminar "The Quantum Revolution and its Aftermath," a list of publications by King, and miscellaneous correspondence, including some regarding a trip to Germany and England to study.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Finding Aids