Guide to the Papers of John H. Gerould, 1883 - 1956Manuscript MS-1040

Biography

John Hiram Gerould (1868-1961) graduated from Dartmouth College with a LittB in 1890 and earned a Ph.D. from Harvard in 1895. After his education, Gerould was hired as an assistant instructor of biology (zoology) from 1894 to 1906, an assistant professor from 1906 to 1915, an associate professor from 1915 to 1918, and a full professor from 1918 to 1938 at Dartmouth College. While at Harvard, Gerould studied under Charles Davenport, a leading figure in the American eugenics establishment. This friendship and working relationship would lead Gerould to the study of eugenics.

Gerould was an active researcher, studying in particular the problems of heredity, adaptation and physiology of insects. This research was instrumental in Gerould establishing the first genetics and eugenics courses at Dartmouth College. Despite his study of eugenics, Gerould was not a strict hereditarian or determinist; he did believe that education and training could provide the opportunity for humans to overcome their genetic downfalls.

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