Roswell Cutler Bogue was born in Chicago, Illinois, on May 18, 1878. After graduating from Hyde Park High School, Bogue enrolled in Dartmouth College with the Class of 1901, but did not complete his college degree. While at Dartmouth, Bogue was on the track team and a member of Delta Kappa Epsilon fraternity. After leaving Dartmouth, Bogue was in business for several years in Chicago. In 1925, he moved to Lansing, Michigan where he started an investment firm. Bogue was a member of the Christian Science Church and was also active in various Masonic bodies. He died at his home in Lansing on December 21, 1952.