Guide to the Papers of Ichabod Bartlett, 1806 - 1844Manuscript MS-908

Full Finding Aid

Title:

Guide to the Papers of Ichabod Bartlett, 1806 - 1844

Call Number:

Manuscript MS-908

Collection Dates:

1806 - 1844

Size of Collection:

1 box (.25 linear ft.)

Abstract:

The Papers of Ichabod Bartlett (DC Class of 1808) contain one essay, nineteen letters, and one typed transcript of a letter. They document his personal and professional relationships with his nephew, two brothers, and New Hampshire Governors Benjamin Pierce and William Plumer. Ichabod Bartlett (IB) was born in Salisbury, NH in 1786. He became a well known lawyer, a member of the New Hampshire State House of Representatives (where he also served as Speaker), a U.S. Representative for New Hampshire in Washington, a candidate for Governor of New Hampshire, and was also a delegate to the state's Constitutional Convention. He died in Portsmouth, NH in 1853.

Access to Collection:

Unrestricted.

Use & Access

The materials represented in this guide may be accessed through the Rauner Special Collections Library at Dartmouth College. Rauner Library is located in Webster Hall. The materials must be used on-site and may not leave Rauner Library.

Rauner Special Collections Library is open to the public and in most cases no appointment is necessary. The exception is in the case of materials stored off site for which there may be a delay of up to 48 hours in retrieval. Please consult the Access to Collection statement below or contact Rauner Reference.

Access to Collection

Unrestricted.

Publication & Use

Permission from Dartmouth College required for publication or reproduction.

Introduction to the Collection

The Papers of Ichabod Bartlett (IB) contain one essay, nineteen letters, and one typed transcript of a letter. They document his personal and professional relationships with his nephew Amos Pettengill Bartlett, brothers James (DC Class of 1812) and Levi Bartlett, (future New Hampshire Governor) Benjamin Pierce, and New Hampshire Governor William Plumer, from his college days through his tenure in the New Hampshire state legislature.

The 24-page essay in Folder 1, probably from 1827, about the people's responsibility to the nation, is unsigned and handwritten by IB. The author asserts that it is the individuals of a nation who make the government what it is, who determine that nation's progress and the happiness of its people. The original handwritten letters are from IB to relatives and professional colleagues. Their content covers topics including personal, professional, and political matters. Most of the letters contain information about IB's law cases. The typed transcript of a letter from IB to Governor William Plumer is an acceptance of an offered position as agent to collect information on the roads and canals of New Hampshire.

Biography

Ichabod Bartlett (IB) was born in Salisbury, NH on July 24, 1786. After graduating from Dartmouth College in 1808, he studied law in the office of Moses Eastman (DC Class of 1794) and later in the office of Parker Noyes (DC Class of 1796), both alumni practicing in Salisbury. In 1811, IB was admitted to the Bar of the Court of Common Pleas and began his own law practice in Durham, NH. In 1813, he was admitted to the Bar of the Supreme Judicial Court at Dover, NH. IB took up permanent residence in Portsmouth, NH from 1816 until his death, where he attained a high rank in his profession. He became the Clerk of the State Senate in 1817 and a trustee of the short-lived Dartmouth University (founded by the governor and legislature in 1816) in 1818. In 1819, he became a member of the New Hampshire State House of Representatives as a solicitor from Portsmouth, a position to which he was reelected for two successive terms. IB served as Speaker of the House in 1821. He also served three terms in Congress as an Anti-Democrat from 1823 to 1829, during which time he served on the Committee for Naval Affairs. He gained national recognition from his speech against Daniel Webster's (DC Class of 1801) Greek Resolution in 1824. In 1827, he was chosen President of the New Hampshire Historical Society. IB was nominated, though never elected, for Governor of New Hampshire by the Whigs in 1831 and 1832. He returned to the State House of Representatives from 1830 until 1832 and later in 1851 and 1852. In 1850, IB was a member of the convention for revising the New Hampshire state constitution. A few of his more important cases include the Trustees of Dartmouth College v. Woodward (the landmark Dartmouth College Case), the Exeter bank robbery case, and the political libel suit of Upham v. Hill and Barton. IB was also a member of the state militia. He was never married. Ichabod Bartlett died in Portsmouth, NH on October 9, 1853 at 67 years of age.

Ichabod Bartlett was uncle to Samuel Colcord Bartlett (DC Class of 1836), who served as President and Trustee of Dartmouth College from 1877 to 1892.

Box & Folder List

Box: 1, Dates: 1827-1844

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, Essay on the people's responsibility to the nation, 1827 [?]
  • Folder: 2, Letter to (nephew) Bartlett, Amos Pettengill, (1812-1895), May 31, 1844
  • Folder: 3, Letters to (brother) Bartlett, James (1792-1837, February 1816-October 1827
  • Folder: 4, Letter to (brother) Bartlett, Levi (1784-1864), August 6, 1806
  • Folder: 5, Letter to Pierce, Benjamin (1757-1839), NH Governor 1827-1828, 1829-1830), February 18, 1824
  • Folder: 6, Letter to Plumer, William, NH Governor 1812-1813, 1816-1819 (typed transcript), July 15, 1818
  • Folder: 7, Letter to: Underhill, Isaac; Hopkins, William R.; Bryant, Thomas; Woodbury, G. M.; Powell, E. N.; and, Bartlett, Amos Pettengill, May 31, 1844

Finding Aids