Guide to the Papers of The Tribunal, 1919 - 1975Manuscript MS-931

Full Finding Aid

Title:

Guide to the Papers of The Tribunal, 1919 - 1975

Call Number:

Manuscript MS-931

Collection Dates:

1919 - 1975

Size of Collection:

2 boxes (1.5 linear ft.)

Abstract:

The Letters of "The Tribunal" consists of twelve volumes of letters written by five members of the classes of 1919 and 1920, documenting how these men and their families, collectively known as "The Tribunal," maintained communications between 1919 and 1975 through a system of round-robin letters. The volumes include written correspondence, newspaper clippings, and photographs.

Access to Collection:

Unrestricted.

Use & Access

The materials represented in this guide may be accessed through the Rauner Special Collections Library at Dartmouth College. Rauner Library is located in Webster Hall. The materials must be used on-site and may not leave Rauner Library.

Rauner Special Collections Library is open to the public and in most cases no appointment is necessary. The exception is in the case of materials stored off site for which there may be a delay of up to 48 hours in retrieval. Please consult the Access to Collection statement below or contact Rauner Reference.

Access to Collection

Unrestricted.

Publication & Use

These materials may be protected by the U.S. Copyright Law (Title 17, U.S.C.).

Introduction to the Collection

The Letters of "The Tribunal" contain written letters, newspaper clippings, photographs, and a Last Will and Testament of "The Tribunal". "The Tribunal" was an organization created by five members of the Dartmouth College classes of 1919 (John McCrillis, Harold Nichols, and H. Marshall Chadwell) and 1920 (Kenneth Spalding and Norman Richardson). This material documents how the men (and their families) in "The Tribunal" maintained communications with each other from the years 1919 until 1975, mainly by means of a system of round-robin letters. This collection is the result of their communications, which pertain mainly to the membership of "The Tribunal." The letters are contained within twelve books (binders) and are arranged chronologically. The letters end in May 1975. "The Tribunal's" last surviving Senior Member, Hilda Luce Spalding (widow of Kenneth Spaulding), died in 1999 at the age of 101.

Of note in the letters is the program for the memorial service for Mrs. Spalding, held at the Gilford Community Church in Gilford, NH. on July 27, 1999.

History

H. Marshall Chadwell

H. Marshall Chadwell, Dartmouth Class of 1919, was born July 20, 1898 in Amesbury, MA. He was a member of Lambda Chi Alpha, Gamma Alpha, Alpha Chi Sigma, Sigma Psi, and the Dartmouth Outing Club. He received a B.S. in Chemistry from Dartmouth College, and received the M.S. (1921) and Ph.D. (1924) in Chemistry from Harvard University. He married Margaret (Peggy) Curtis in 1923. He was an Instructor in the Chemistry Department at Dartmouth (1919-1920) and Radcliff College (1920-1922); assistant to the Director of Harvard's Wolcott Gibbs Memorial Laboratory (1922-1923). He joined the faculty at Tufts in 1923, and by 1939 was Chairman of the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering. He was a member of National Defense Research Committee during World War II (for his contributions, he received the Medal for Merit from President Truman and the Cause of Freedom award from the British); became Associate Director for Natural Sciences of the Rockefeller Foundation (1946); Deputy Director of the New York Operations office of the Atomic Energy Commission; worked for the CIA from 1950-1963, when he was retired from the organization. He was an emeritus member of the American Chemical Society, and a fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science. His son, H. Jesse Chadwell, was Dartmouth Class of 1947. Chadwell died June 3, 1980 at 81 years of age.

John McCrillis

John McCrillis, Dartmouth Class of 1919, was born January 11, 1897. He was a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity, Dartmouth Outing Club, the Dartmouth Ski Team and the Dartmouth Forensic Union. He received a B.S. in Physics in 1919 from the College. He married Hester Cooper in 1924. He was a teacher at Moran School (1919-1924), Deputy Clerk of New Hampshire (1925-1935), Clerk of Superior Court of New Hampshire (1935-1966), and Vice President of McCrillis & Eldredge Insurance Inc. from 1965. He was inducted into the Ski Hall of Fame in 1966 for his contributions and pioneering efforts to the sport. His father, John McCrillis, son, John Cooper McCrillis, grandson, John M. Eldredge, and son-in-law, H. Newcomb Eldredge, all graduated from Dartmouth. McCrillis died February 26, 1991 at 94 years of age.

Harold Nichols

Harold Nichols, Dartmouth Class of 1919, was a member of Sigma Alpha Epsilon fraternity, Phi Beta Kappa, and at one time leader of the Dartmouth College Orchestra. He taught radio in the Dartmouth Training Detachment, U.S. Army during World War I. His business associations were with the American Woolen Company, Biddle and Smart, and the Rust Craft Publishing Company. His son, H. Foster Nichols, was Dartmouth Class of 1950. Harold Nichols died December 14, 1947.Norman Richardson, Dartmouth Class of 1920, was born on August 12, 1898 in Laconia, New Hampshire. He was a member of Psi Upsilon fraternity, Casque & Gauntlet, and Phi Beta Kappa. His business associations were with Rufus W. Scott Company and Tubize-Chatillion Company. He served in World War I for the U.S. Navy, and as a selectman for the Town of Gilford (New Hampshire). His uncle, Carl H. Richardson, and son, Fred W. Richardson, both graduated from Dartmouth. Richardson died on August 16, 1963 at 65 years of age.Kenneth Spalding, Dartmouth Class of 1920, was born on July 22, 1897 in Brooklyn, New York. He was a member of Chi Phi fraternity (now Chi Heorot) and attended Tuck School his senior year, graduating with a B.S. degree in 1920. He married Hildegard (Hilda) Luce in 1922. He received an AMP degree from Harvard in 1948. His son, Samuel Luce Spalding, and grandson, Philip C. Spalding, both graduated from Dartmouth. He worked as assistant to the president of the American Optical Company, and at the time of his retirement in 1962 was president and chairman of the board of Hodgson Houses in Southbridge, Massachusetts. He died August 8, 1977 at 80 years of age.

Box & Folder List

Box: 1, Dates: 1919-1975

Letters from and information pertaining to "The Tribunal," a self-dubbed group of 5 men (Dartmouth classes of 1919 and 1920) and would later include their spouses and children. Collection consists of 12 binders organized by date and including letters, newspaper clippings, photographs, meeting minutes, and other materials relating to the lives of the members and their families.

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, Tribunal Letters: Dartmouth Classes 1919 and 1920 (Book 1), February 1919-December 1921
  • Folder: 2, Tribunal Letters: Dartmouth Classes 1919 and 1920 (Book 2), January 1922-December 1922
  • Folder: 3, Tribunal Letters: Dartmouth Classes 1919 and 1920 (Book 3), January 1923-August 1923
  • Folder: 4, Tribunal Letters: Dartmouth Classes 1919 and 1920 (Book 4), January 1924-August 1925
  • Folder: 5, Tribunal Letters: Dartmouth Classes 1919 and 1920 (Book 5), September 1925-December 1927
  • Folder: 6, Tribunal Letters: Dartmouth Classes 1919 and 1920 (Book 6), January 1928-August 1932
  • Folder: 7, Tribunal Letters: Dartmouth Classes 1919 and 1920 (Book 7), April 1933-November 1944
  • Folder: 8, Tribunal Letters: Dartmouth Classes 1919 and 1920 (Book 8), January 1945-October 1952
  • Folder: 9, Tribunal Letters: Dartmouth Classes 1919 and 1920 (Book 9), November 1954-February 1961
  • Folder: 10, Tribunal Letters: Dartmouth Classes 1919 and 1920 (Book 10), March 1961-November 1965
  • Folder: 11, Tribunal Letters: Dartmouth Classes 1919 and 1920 (Book 11), January 1966-July 1970
  • Folder: 12, Tribunal Letters: Dartmouth Classes 1919 and 1920 (Book 12), February 1971-May 1975

Finding Aids