John Teal papers, 1947-1982 Rauner Stefansson Manuscript Mss-176

Full Finding Aid

Title:

John Teal papers

Call Number:

Rauner Stefansson Manuscript Mss-176

Collection Dates:

1947-1982

Size of Collection:

85 linear ft., 55 boxes

Abstract:

John J. Teal, Jr. (1921-1982), educator, geographer and ecologist. The collection contains papers related to the capture, domestication and breeding of musk ox as an economic commodity for impoverished Eskimos and other natives.

Access to Collection:

Unrestricted.

Use & Access

The materials represented in this guide may be accessed through the Rauner Special Collections Library at Dartmouth College. Rauner Library is located in Webster Hall. The materials must be used on-site and may not leave Rauner Library.

Rauner Special Collections Library is open to the public and in most cases no appointment is necessary. The exception is in the case of materials stored off site for which there may be a delay of up to 48 hours in retrieval. Please consult the Access to Collection statement below or contact Rauner Reference.

Conditions Governing Access

Unrestricted.

Conditions Governing Use

Permission from Dartmouth College required for publication or reproduction.

Introduction to the Collection

The papers of John Teal contain correspondence, reports, research data, manuscripts, essays, articles, newspaper clippings, brochures, financial documents, photographs, slides and 16 mm films, documenting his work to capture, domesticate and breed musk ox as an economic commodity for impoverished Eskimos and other natives in the Arctic tundra and coastal areas.

Biography

John J. Teal, Jr. was born on February 7, 1921 in New York City. He graduated from Harvard College with a BA in anthropology and held a master's degree in international relations from Yale University. During World War II, Teal served as a captain and active command pilot with a bomber group in Britain. After the war, he spent three years with the Lapps in northern Norway to study the social and economic ways of their reindeer husbandry. In 1954, he founded the Institute of Northern Agricultural Research to capture, domesticate and breed musk ox as an economic resource for impoverished Eskimos and other natives in the Arctic. In order to do so, Teal established stations in Canada, Alaska, Greenland and Norway. His work was sponsored by the Arctic Institute of North America at McGill University and was aided by grants from the Carnegie Foundation. He also received support from the governments of Quebec and Canada. Teal died on August 31, 1982.

Box & Folder List

Box: 1, 1947-1982

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Papers

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, Articles by Teal, 1955-1972
  • Folder: 2, Articles about Teal, 1952-1982
  • Folder: 3, Correspondence, 1959
  • Folder: 4, "Democracy' battle against tolerance," manuscript, 1948
  • Folder: 5, "Prejudice backfires in America," manuscript, 1947

Box: 2, 1944-1980

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains professional and research correspondence including Alaska Airlines, Tromso Museum, McGill University, Northern Airways, Arctic Institute of North America, Explorers Club, Council on Foreign Relations, American Scandinavian Foundation, Vermont Animal Research Fund, Harcourt Brace, Atlantic Monthly, Robert Hardy, S.F. Bemis, Dag Bentzen, Lansing, Holden, Marianne Moore, Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Reindeer Project Canada as well as papers related to Teal’s military service and contracts

Box: 3, 1955-1969

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains correspondence regarding the Reindeer Preserve, Dispute with Minister, Bicentennial, Expeditions, Thelon 1954, Nunivak, 1965, Ellesmere, 1967, NE Greenland, 1969 and Musk Oxen, personal and professional records, reports, newspaper clippings, photographs and an annotated copy of “Nauwkeurige Befscrijvingh van Groenland"

Box: 4, 1954-1969

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains magazines, books, notebook from the 1954 expedition to captures Musk Ox, manuscripts, field journals, and optical slides

Box: 5, 1932-1958

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains manuscripts including “Frank Wells Estate,” “Squirrel Referendum,” “Voyage on the Yukon Bell,” “Alaska at the Crossroads” “The Strait of Anian Concept” “Prejudice Backfires on America,” “Democracy’s Battle against Tolerance,” notes, reports, articles, photographs and correspondence with Council on Foreign Affairs, Mrs. L.G. Holden, Gordon McCormick, John S. McCormick, Hugh Morrison, Cecil Robinson and Ivar Skarland

Box: 6, 1950-1980

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains notes, letters, articles, newspaper clippings, government and site paperwork, field records, official documents, personal letters, journal articles, professional organization minutes, and receipts concerning, textile research in Vicuna, Tundra Times, Musk Ox Cooperative, Federation of American Scientists, Alaskan Natives, Bardu Kommune, Bois Henningsen, Nils Engelstad

Box: 7, 1950-1969

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains receipts, plans, professional information and records, correspondence, and club information including Explorers Club, Quebec Project (Roger LeJeune and other personnel), gun Control, New York Academy of Sciences, Harvard Travelers Club, conservation of environment, dew ponds, N.O. Christensen

Box: 8, 1949-1978

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains newspaper clippings, correspondence, scientific records of musk ox project, articles, calendar

Box: 9, 1950-1978

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains personal and professional correspondence and articles including Amy Drobonyi, Bill Bacon, Charles Bradley and Family, Marvin Burke and Family, Prof. Ken Hare, Gov. Hickel, Cambridge University, Prof. J.G.D. Clark, Prof. E.S. Higgs, Dolly Connelly, Thomas J, Dodd, Harper and Row Publishers

Box: 10, 1950-1978

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains correspondence including M & P Garland, Cecil Robinson, Gragam Rowley, Mrs. T.C. Sumner, Alden M. Taylor, C.B. Thomas, Donald O’Brien, Homer, D. Smith, Peter Strong, Charles Willis, Lowell Thomas, Dr. William Tietz, Chauncy Loomis, Peter Mathiessen

Box: 11, 1955-1969

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains correspondence, including Marianne Moore, Lansing Holden III, Institute of Northern Agricultural Research information, receipts, documents, forms, maps, invoices, and newspaper clippings, material related to the 1954, 1955, 1960, 1964, 1965, 1967 and 1969 expeditions

Box: 12, 1956-1978

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains Institute of Northern Agricultural Research information, correspondence including Canadian Wildlife Service, John Tener, Dorothy Reade, Quivit, financial records, personal records and reports

Box: 13, 1950-1978

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains correspondence including Iceland Project, Musk Ox in Norway, Svalbad, Greenland and Alaska, Lars Aby, Association of American Indian Affairs; Institute of Northern Agricultural Research information, correspondence, records, taxes and business reports

Box: 14, 1950-1978

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains Institute of Northern Agricultural Research business and financial reports, journals, notebooks and calendars

Box: 15, 1950-1978

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains correspondence, articles, tax forms, photographs, notebooks, newspaper clippings, manuscripts, musk ox research and information

Box: 16, 1950-1978

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains a copy of “Memoirs of the American Museum of Natural History”, articles, manuscripts, notebooks, clippings, correspondence, musk ox related research and correspondence

Box: 17, 1950-1978

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains musk ox articles, clippings and correspondence; musk ox photos and videos and reports

Box: 18, 1969-1977

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains slides including Greenland Expedition 1969, Wilkinson In Alaska and Musk Ox in Alaska”; 16mm films “The Musk Oxen Story,” “Women Knitting,” “Arctic Roundup, short version,” “Tvivunak Workshop, 1977”

Box: 19, 1964-1975

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains musk ox health information, personal claims, and correspondence as well as Alaska records

Box: 20, 1962-1978

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains musk ox health information, personal claims and correspondence

Box: 21, 1967-1974

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains student loans, mopc, information requests, Institute of Northern Agricultural Research Vermont project, Tropical Agriculture, photographs, correspondence, manuscripts, reports and newspaper clippings

Box: 22, 1940-1983

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains Vermont project, Teal biography, obituaries, personal correspondence including W.W.II and professional correspondence, a bone, newspaper clippings, reports and personal letters

Box: 23, 1964-1974

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains Institute of Northern Agricultural Research, Kellog Foundation fund raising, American Indian Development Association Wally Health, Quebec Project, Musk Ox Annual Reports, poetry, reports and Quiviot Collection report

Box: 24, 1966-1979

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains Institute of Northern Agricultural Research, Kellogg fund raising, American Indian Development Association Wally Health, Quebec Project, Musk Ox Annual Reports

Box: 25, 1944-1976

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains correspondence including National Geographic, Harpers Publishers, Lansing H. Teal, Amy Dobronyi; Manuscripts including “The Tundra,” “Native People of the Arctic,” “The Future of the Arctic,” “Problems of Life in the Polar Region,” “Native People of the Arctic”; papers related to Eskimo children, Harvard College Class of 1944 book, field note book from Musk Ox expedition 1964

Box: 26, 1950-1982

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains lecture notes, articles on the development and use of musk ox fiber and the domestication of the musk ox, correspondence, a college thesis on the domestication and wool of the musk ox, photographs, stock certificates for the Eskimo, Indian, Aleut Printing Company, Inc., project plans, daily planners, newspaper clippings (not American), articles and papers on Greenland, an article on arctic meteorology, a notification for John J. Teal of selection to appear in “Community Leaders of America,” by the American Biographical Institute, cassette tapes containing recordings of meetings, financial statements, a copy of “Handweaver and Craftsman” magazine, notes from board meetings, and an article “The Challenge of the Northern Frontier.”

Box: 27, 1949-1979

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains field notebooks, diaries, and other notebooks, a poster advertising a lecture by Teal on “Arctic Herdsmen: The Lapps and Their Reindeer,” a translation of a book chapter from German into English, notes on Alaska, a plan of Pattee Caves in North Salem, New Hampshire, correspondence, an article on “Expeditions to the Canadian Arctic,” notes, various articles, a magazine clipping on Newfoundland, a copy of the “Tundra Times” newspaper, travel itineraries, magazine photos, a notebook containing the charter, by-laws, tax forms, and other documents of the Institute of Northern Agricultural Research, a folder with samples of musk ox wool, a library listing, and an article on musk ox milk from the Canadian Journal of Zoology.

Box: 28, 1944-1978

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains copies of the station manager’s annual report on the Musk Ox Project, workshop materials for “Proposal Writing in Progress,” notes, newspaper clippings (some not in English), correspondence, magazine and other articles (some not in English), a pamphlet on “The History of the Arctic Research Laboratory,” an article by Teal on “Prefabricated Houses in the Arctic,” outline for a course on reindeer herding, materials relating to reindeer herding and the Nunivak Reindeer Project, Christmas lists, John Teal’s officer student’s personnel record from Air Force Training Command, special orders and officers lists from Air Force schools and bases, documents relating to personal affairs checklists for military personnel, immunization and pay records from the military, pay stubs and allotments to purchase war savings bonds, various other documents relating to Teal’s time in the Air Force, a letter notifying Teal of his appointment as second lieutenant in the Air Force, application information from Harvard Law School for veterans, Teal’s commission as a military captain, a discharge notice, certificate of appreciation for war service, photographs, copies of the “Tundra Times,” a framed copy of a hymn “The Joys of Musk ox Ranching,” and the Musk Ox Producers’ Cooperative proposal for Coastal/Tundra station.

Box: 29, 1949-1982

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Professional correspondence, A-L

Box: 30, 1950-1981

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Professional correspondence, M-Z

Box: 31, 1950-1981

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains old article manuscripts, correspondence and material related to the reindeer industry, Alaska project, Quebec project, Alaska Fish and Game Department, Kellogg Foundation proposal and grant, newspaper clippings, notebooks, notes for “agri” boo

Box: 32, 1958-1981

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains correspondence with Arnol Echols, Dr. Allan Mick, Dr. Patty, Dr.K.M. Rae, Dr. William R. Wood, Paul Wilkinson, Dr. Stirling, Dee McConnell, L. Rubin and T. Hall, as well as material and correspondence related to CBS News Adventure of the Mind, the ecology of reindeer, and snow hares, Stefansson Library, INAR, Travel and financial records including, banking, budgets, IRS reports and inventory.

Box: 33, 1950-1980

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains reports on Kellogg Foundation, Daily Herd, weight measurements, Musk Ox Producers Cooperative, veterinary recruitement; newspaper clippings, as well as correspondence with Sigrun Robertson, Don White, and correspondence related to fund raising, accounting, Aleutians, Unalakleet, feed and supply, budgets, personnel and native communities

Box: 34, 1962-1979

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains correspondence, brochures, advertising and other material related to textile workshops and musk ox wool production, including orders, inquiries, requests, invoices, marketing and fund raising, as well as correspondence with knitters of the Musk Ox Producers Cooperative; material related to EDA, CEDC and Unalaska

Box: 35, 1960-1978

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains fabric samples; letters; Musk Ox reports; Musk Ox Project correspondence; reports; articles; Alaska Caribou and Reindeer Nutrition Report; Animal Archaeology Bone Guides; archaeology site reports, reindeer manuals; research proposal to the National Science Foundation

Box: 36, 1966-1980

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains Huntington VT, Tuntuli, Institute of Northern Agricultural Research files; textiles information, photographs, correspondence, reports, articles and study of Vermont sheep

Box: 37, 1964-1981

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains correspondence and material related to Institute of Northern Research, Tunturi forests and logging and textiles, as well as correspondence, newspaper clippings, photographs, poetry, manuscript, personal documents, passport, notebooks

Box: 38, 1965-1978

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains film reels related to musk oxen, Alaska, Greenland, and other arctic subjects, photo album with photographs of musk oxen, scenery, and native American textile workers

Box: 39, 1954-1981

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains film reels related to musk oxen, Vermont, Alaska and other Arctic subjects as well as photographs and slides

Box: 40, 1954-1971

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains negatives and prints of musk oxen and their environment as well as a photo album of the 1956 Musk Ox Expedition and slides

Box: 41, 1956

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains slides and a VHS video tape of the Musk Ox Capturing Expeditions in Northeast Greenland and Ellesmere Island

Box: 42, 1964-1969

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains large film reels of Greenland 1969, Qiviut, Old Stag at Tuturi, “Svalbard,” birds and chopper (1964)

Box: 43, 1954-1969

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains large film reels including “Musk-Ox in West Spitzbergen,” bull musk ox and caribou scenery

Box: 44, undated

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains unidentified film reels

Box: 45, undated

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains unidentified film reels

Box: 46, undated

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains unidentified film reels

Box: 47, undated

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains unidentified film reels

Box: 48, undated

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains unidentified film reels

Box: 49, undated

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains unidentified film reels

Box: 50, undated

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains unidentified film reels

Box: 51, undated

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains unidentified film reels

Box: 52, undated

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains film reel from the Natural History Museum

Box: 53, undated

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains unidentified film reels

Box: 54, undated

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains unidentified film reels

Box: 55, undated

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Contains unidentified film reels

Finding Aids