Skip to main content

Rauner Special Collections Library6065 Webster Hall, Hanover, NH 03755-3519 USATelephone: 603-646-0538, Fax: 603-646-0447Rauner.Reference@dartmouth.edu

The Papers of M. Frederick Mount in the Dartmouth College Library

WMST Mss-195

Descriptive Summary

Creator: Mount, M. Frederick
Title Remainder: Papers. 1904-1905
Dates: 1904-1905
Identification: Mss-195





INTRODUCTION

This collection consists of photographs of the expeditions sent in 1904 and 1905 to relieve the Fiala-Ziegler expedition stranded in Franz Josef Land. They were collected by M. Frederick Mount, 1870-1926, who probably took most of them. Mount served on the expeditions to help rescue his friend George Shorkley, who, like him, was a physician and a graduate of Bucknell College and Hahneman Medical College. (Shorkley was chief surgeon of the large Fiala-Ziegler expedition; and there is a small, but important, collection of his expedition papers in the Stefansson Collection.)

There are approximately four hundred different photographs here, and numerous duplicates. Many men are pictured on the 1905 rescue ship, the Terra Nova, and on shore during the rescue, but only two are identified. They are Anthony Fiala, commander of the Fiala-Ziegler expedition, and William S. Champ, leader of the relief operation. A large number of the photographs are of natural scenery, game killed, and three polar bear cubs captured alive. A few are of the Frithjof, used in the unsuccessful relief attempt of 1904.

In 1991 these photographs were given to the Stefansson Collection by Florence (Mrs. Walker B.) Hatfield, Dr. Mount's daughter.






BOX I.

FOLDER : 1.

Biographical information.



PHOTOGRAPHS



Leaders of the Expeditions



FOLDER : 2.

Anthony Fiala at the arrival of the relief party. Published in Fighting the Polar Ice, facing page 196.



FOLDER : 3.

William S. Champ on board Terra Nova.



Two views and three duplicates.



FOLDER : 4.

William S. Champ on shore at the arrival of the relief party. Published in Fighting the Polar Ice, facing page 196. Includes one duplicate.



FOLDER : 5.

William S. Champ seated on snowbank with camera. Includes one duplicate.



Terra Nova and Other Ships and Boats



FOLDER : 6.

Bark-rigged steamer Terra Nova at Bergen, Norway, 25 May 1905. Postcard annotated by Mount and addressed to his wife.



FOLDER : 7.

Terra Nova icebound, 79° 30′ N, 45° E, 20 July 1905. Annotated.



FOLDER : 8.

Terra Nova in ice. Includes copy negatives and two duplicates.



FOLDER : 9.

Terra Nova in ice.



Six views and four duplicates.



FOLDER : 10.

Terra Nova in ice, with men and dogs alongside.



Two views.



FOLDER : 11.

Terra Nova anchored off Cape Dillon with a boat ashore. Includes four duplicates.



FOLDER : 12.

Lowering a boat from the Terra Nova; a canoe alongside the Terra Nova; and a boat in the icy sea.



Four views.



FOLDER : 13.

Terra Nova. Twenty views and four duplicates. (It is possible that one or two of the pictures in which little detail is shown may be of the Frithjof).



FOLDER : 14.

Bark-rigged steamer Frithjof, in which Champ made an unsuccessful attempt to relieve Fiala in 1904.



Fourteen views.



FOLDER : 15.

Steamboats New York and Victoria.



Four views.



FOLDER : 16.

Various boats and ships.



Fourteen views



Camps and Relief Party Ashore



FOLDER : 17.

Camp at Cape Dillon, McClintock Island, Franz Josef Archipelago.



Six views and six duplicates.



FOLDER : 18.

One of the buildings at Camp Jackson, Cape Flora, Northbrook Island, Franz Josef Archipelago.



FOLDER : 19.

Boats, crews, and dogs.



Four views and six duplicates.



FOLDER : 20.

Dogs and sleds.



Eight views and six duplicates.



FOLDER : 21.

Men ashore.



Four views and one duplicate.



FOLDER : 22.

“The Two Houses at Bass Rock,” published in Fighting the Polar Ice, facing page 270. (In 1905 another relief party visited Bass Island off the northeast coast of Greenland. A camp and cache of supplies had been established there earlier in case any of Fiala's party returned that way after an attempt to reach the North Pole. See pages 282-296 of Fighting the Polar Ice.)



Men and Animals on Board the Terra Nova



FOLDER : 23.

Men on board the Terra Nova.



Thirty-seven views and eleven duplicates.



FOLDER : 24.

Dogs and some men.



Eleven views and six duplicates.



FOLDER : 25.

Two calves. They resemble musk oxen (ovibos), but may be Scotch or Scandinavian cattle.



Three views.



FOLDER : 26.

Bear cubs on deck.



Five views and four duplicates.



FOLDER : 27.

Bear cub being sprayed.



Three views and four duplicates.



FOLDER : 28.

Bear cubs with dead bear.



Three views and two duplicates.



FOLDER : 29.

Bear cub and bathtub.



Ten views and four duplicates.



FOLDER : 30.

Bear cub eating.



Five views and one duplicate.



Game



FOLDER : 31.

Bear cubs on shore.



Two views and four duplicates.



FOLDER : 32.

Dead bears with hunters and butchers.



Twenty-four views and three duplicates.



FOLDER : 33.

Dead bears being hoisted on board the Terra Nova.



Fourteen views.



FOLDER : 34.

Dead bears on board the Terra Nova and on the ice.



Eight views and six duplicates.



FOLDER : 35.

Bear on ice, viewed from ship, before and after being shot.



Two views and one duplicate.



FOLDER : 36.

Animal, probably a bear, swimming from one ice floe to another.



Two views.



FOLDER : 37.

Beluga (white whale).



Thirteen views and six duplicates.



FOLDER : 38.

Walrus.



Nine views and five duplicates.



Norway



FOLDER : 39.

Town and street scenes.



Ten views and seven duplicates.



FOLDER : 40.

Farm and country scenes.



Nine views.



FOLDER : 41.

Inhabited coastline.



Fourteen views and two duplicates.



BOX II.

Natural Scenery



FOLDER : 1.

Mostly ice formations and frozen sea.



Thirty-three views and six duplicates.



FOLDER : 2.

Mostly rocky and mountainous shorelines and islands.



Forty-two views and ten duplicates.



FOLDER : 3.

Eight views printed on a different paper, with a glossy finish.



Photographs from Scrapbooks, Mostly Duplicates



FOLDER : 4.

Photographs on pages from a crude, brown-paper scrapbook. They are duplicates of other photographs in this collection or similar to them. Some are numbered; some are annotated with date, time, aperture setting, and shutter speed. No subjects are identified.



FOLDER : 5.

Photographs removed from a disintegrating scrapbook, numbered but unlisted in the collection. Most of them are duplicates of photographs in the collection or similar to them, but see numbers 2 and 3 for views of a cairn not found elsewhere. Twenty-five views, numbered in the range 2-80.



FOLDER : 6.

Photographs removed from a disintegrating scrapbook. Twenty-six views, numbered in the range 89-203.



FOLDER : 7.

Photographs removed from a disintegrating scrapbook. Ten views, unnumbered.