Guide to the Papers of Frances A. Ross, circa 1880 - 1990Stefansson Mss-254

Full Finding Aid

Title:

Guide to the Papers of Frances A. Ross, circa 1880 - 1990

Call Number:

Stefansson Mss-254

Collection Dates:

circa 1880 - 1990

Size of Collection:

20 boxes (33 linear feet)

Abstract:

Frances A. Ross (1910-1995). Educator and secretary to Vihljalmur Stefansson. Contains audio recordings and supporting materials documenting Alaska settlement, arctic exploration, the settlement at King Island as well as Ross' personal and professional life.

Access to Collection:

Unrestricted.

Use & Access

The materials represented in this guide may be accessed through the Rauner Special Collections Library at Dartmouth College. Rauner Library is located in Webster Hall. The materials must be used on-site and may not leave Rauner Library.

Rauner Special Collections Library is open to the public and in most cases no appointment is necessary. The exception is in the case of materials stored off site for which there may be a delay of up to 48 hours in retrieval. Please consult the Access to Collection statement below or contact Rauner Reference.

Access to Collection

Unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

Permission from Dartmouth College required for publication or reproduction.

Introduction to the Collection

The Frances A. Ross Papers contain material chronicling her life and that of her father US Coast Guard Boatswain Thomas A. Ross of Nome, Alaska. The papers include 53 tape recordings, from 1982-1990, of commentary and recollections by Frances Ross with accompanying documentation, including personal correspondence with family members; professional correspondence with anthropologists and government officials; journals; photographs; autobiographical writings; financial documents; flyers; artifacts (including ivory carvings, Inuit jewelry, military badges, and her father's U.S. Coast Guard ceremonial sword); newspaper clippings and newsletters. Of note are Ross' memories of her professional relationship with Arctic explorer Vihljalmur Stefansson and her encounters with other Arctic explorers, as well as Alaskan life in general in the early 20th century. Also of note are Ross' materials on King Island, Alaska, including over 500 color slides; photographs, including a collection of photographs by Father Bernard Hubbard; her diary from her time on King Island; a transcribed diary written by Father Bellarmine LaFortune, recounting the Jesuit mission history on King Island; Ross' 1958 Stanford Masters thesis, "The Eskimo House," a study of the role of the Ukiovak community building within the King Island community; audio reels containing songs and lectures of King Islanders; an LP record; two audiotapes with songs and stories of the King Islanders; and financial documents and correspondence related to the island's economy before it was abandoned in 1970.

Note: In January 2010 the audio tapes were digitized.

The collection is arranged in 6 series:

Series I: Audiotapes

Contains fifty-two audio tapes (tape nos. 21 and 45 lacking) recorded between 1982 and 1990, addressed to Philip Cronenwett, former Chief of Special Collections and Curator of Manuscripts at Dartmouth College. The tapes record recollections and commentary chronicling the life of Frances A. Ross and to a lesser extent that of her father Thomas A. Ross. Each tape has retained its corresponding materials arranged by Ross; among them are photographs, newspaper clippings, magazines, newsletters, flyers, audio reels, lectures, manuscripts, notes, slides, vocabulary cards, artifacts, prints, diplomas and ephemera. Oversized materials corresponding to the audiotape packets are housed at the end of the series I in boxes 10-13.

Series II: Educational Materials

Chronicles Frances A. Ross's academic career in sociology and anthropology at the University of Washington (1928-1931), Stanford University (1955-1958), and the University of Wisconsin (1960-1962). Included in this material are lecture notes, curricula, and writings.

Series III: Correspondence

Contains professional and personal correspondence (1950's-1980's), personal and financial documents, documents related to Thomas A. Ross (1940's-1950's) and the Nome Fire of 1934.

Series IV: Teaching/Research

Materials related to Frances A. Ross's teaching and census research in Kobuk, Barrow, and Ambler, Alaska for the Bureau of Indian Affairs from 1958-1960; including correspondence, health records, student records, census data, administrative records, teaching materials and the manuscript (in stenographer's pads) of her "Kobuk Diary."

Series V: Jesuit Missions in Alaska

Material related to the Jesuit Mission on King Island including a digitized audiotape of recollections by Frances A. Ross of the various Jesuit priests that served on mainland Alaska and on King Island.

Series VI: Photographs/Artifacts/Audio

Contains unidentified photographs as well as images and negatives of King Island

Detailed subject of tapes:

Tape 1

Commentary on the following books: Biography of Father Bellarmine LaFortune S.J by Father Renner, "Seasons of the Eskimo" by Fred Bruemmer, "Earth and the Great Weather: The Brooks Range" by Kenneth Brower, "Eskimos of the Tundra" by Genesis, "My Polar Flights" by Umberto Nobile, "The Log of Bob Bartlett" by Bob Bartlett, "A Whaler in the Arctic" by Arthur James Allen, "Karluk" by William McKinley, "The Log of the Auxiliary Schooner Yacht Northern Light" by John Borden, "Alaska the Trailblazers of Bygone Days", "Unsolved Mysteries of the Arctic" by Vilhjalmer Stefansson, "Alone" by Richard Bird, "The Story of Mathew Hanson" by Bradley Robinson, "Coming into the Country" by John McPhee, "Arctic Discovery, Give or Take a Century: An Eskimo Chronicle" by Josef E. Senungetuk, "Arctic Trader" by John Scott, "One Survived" by Gregory Yalyak, "Harpoon of the Hunter" by Markoosie, "Meditations on Hunting," "My Way of the North – An Alaskan Biography" by Frank Dufresne, "To The Northmagnetic Pole and Through the North Passage" by Roald Amundsen, "One Man's Gold Rush" by Murray Morgan

Tape 2

Commentary and recollections of Thomas A. Ross and the early days of the US Coast Guard in Nome, Alaska; History of the Stefansson collection and life at Morton Street, Stefansson's offices in New York City; Lindbergh in Nome; Trading Boat Nanuck tragedy; Cook vs. Amundsen on North Pole; King Island Thesis; Evelyn Stefansson and Dartmouth College; Arctic Institute of North America.

Tape 3

Commentary and recollections on Stefansson's office on Morton Street, New York continued; Ruth Gruber's books; Jewish Refugees and Stefansson; Stefansson and McCarthy; US Coast Guard Nome, Alaska; Nome and King Island in the 1980's; Greeley Expedition; Rasmussen, the authority on Eskimos; Captains of the US Coast Guard Cutter Bear; Balto and Leonard Szeplar; Jesuit Priests; Anthropologists Herdlicza and Mead; Spitsbergen and Airships; Icebreaker Polar Star.

Tape 4

Commentary and recollections on Polar Star and Polar Sea; Umberto Nobile and his airship Norge; "Fifty Years Below Zero" by Charles Bower; Franz Boes and Stefansson disagreement over origin of Eskimo pottery; "North to the Orient" by Anne Morrow Lindbergh; "Discovery" Autobiography of Stefansson; Knud Rasmussen; "Friendly Arctic" by Stefansson; Thomas Ross and the Schooner Hazel; Jim Crawford and Stefansson; Karluk survivors; Will Rogers' visit to Alaska; Diamond Jenness; Ernest E. Coogan; Burt MacConnel Stefansson's secretary; Ada Blackjack diary and Wrangel Island; The Log Cabin Club; The Karluk; Cpt. Pedersen, Amundsen vs. Stefansson; Stefansson's School of Unlearning; Sledge Island; Nome Fire 1934.

Tape 5

Commentary and recollections on Linberghs; St. Lawrence Island Houses; Tuglemina Print by Danny Pierce; Print of Kagshi; "One Man Against the North" by David Irwin; The many facades of Stefansson; Isabel Wiley Hutchinson; "North to the Rhyme Ringed Sun" Gus Masey's life story; "The Ghost Ship of the Pole" by Wilbur Cross; "The Alaska Natives" by Robert T. Anderson; "Across the Top of Russia" by Richard Pitrow; Thomas A. Ross ferry business to and from Nome; "Anthropological Survey of Alaska" by Herlizka; Constitution of Arctic Brotherhood; Ruth Jonas; "Arctic in Fact and Fable" by Stefansson; HR Bill 6261 proposing medal for Thomas A. Ross.

Tape 6

Commentary and recollections on correspondence with Phil Cronenwett and her expectations for her collection; Ada Blackjack; William McKinley; Kerry MaClain; "A Way of Walking" by Neufeld; Photos; Clippings; "One Man Against the North" David Irwin book; "Fifty Years Below in Alaska" by Carl Lohman.

Tape 7

Commentary and recollections on "The Great Trip" by Max Miller; "Sea of the Bear" by Lt. Com. Ransom USCG; clippings; Aurora High School Nome; HR 6228 Seawall Bill; Dr. Laughlin's theory on skin boats and Eskimo travel; Dr. Chard's project; King Island and Nome Cooperation's; Jacques Cousteau and Father Hubbard; Father Renner and Father LaFortune; Jesuit priests.

Tape 8

Commentary and recollections on photos; clippings; Dr. Anderson and Stefansson.

Tape 9

Commentary and recollections on present living conditions of former King Islanders; Mt. St. Helen activity; Iditarod; Stanford Graduation and life after; Dr. Levin; "Education Factory;" Space Shuttle Columbia launch; Icebreaker Yukon; Thomas Ross retirement; Delegate Tony Diamond; General McArthur; personal history forms and CV; Rebuilding Nome Station; Dr. Newman; Scotty Allan; Colony of "Nomites" in Oakland, CA; Oceanic Trading Company, Seattle; Polar Sea missions.

Tape 10

Commentary and recollections on Snowgoose Gallery; Legacy Store; Columbia landing; Frank Stokes first white man to live on King Island in 1933; Stefansson and Father Hubbard; Stefansson and "blond" Eskimos; Evelyn Stefansson, Alan Cooke and Virginia Hastings tensions; Polar Sea; Indian Reorganization Act for Alaska; Alaska native industry; Wireless Systems; King Island store and Carvings; Nome Skin Sewers Association; Ivory economics.

Tape 11

Commentary and recollections on her Arctic Ocean cruise, 1932; Living on King Island from 1963-1964; Stockholders of King Island native store; Economic survey of King Island, 1939; Dissertation of Harvard student and his misinterpretation of Thomas Ross; Father Tom Cunningham's language studies; Amundsen and Stefansson; Great Byrd Expedition; Shackelton's crossing; "Gold Rush Nome" by Carrie McLain.

Tape 12

Commentary and recollections on Stefansson correspondence; Sally Carrighar; Savoy Medal; Cpt. vs. Chief Boatswain Ross; Funeral of Eskimo carver Harry; Photos; King Island materials; Cpt. Lane; Mr. Perkins; Bob Bartlett; "Man and Prehistory" by Dr. Chard; "Primitive Religion" by Robert Louis; "Primitive World and its Transformation" by Robert Redfield; "A Diary in a Strict Sense of the World" by Bronislaw Malinowski; Ruth Gruber; Dr. Daniel J. Bernstein; Jack Cady; Dorothy Jean Ray; Racism at Dartmouth; University of Wisconsin; "Artists of the Tundra" by Dorothy Jean Ray; "Arts and Culture of the North;" "Jesuits in Alaska."

Tape 13

Commentary and recollections on Father Bernard's King Island photographs; Father Renner; Nome High School; WAC Fort Worth, Texas; Photos; King Island Census 1931-32, 1963-64; Living on King Island 1963-1964; Artifacts.

Tape 14

Commentary and recollections on Josef Lindeburgh, one of the man who had discovered gold in Nome, Alaska; Father Hubbard; "Outline of Linguistic Analysis" by Bernard Bloch and George Trager; Family photos; Her mother's illness; Alaska Survey for Department of the Interior.

Tape 15

Commentary and recollections on Father LaFortune; WAC service; "The Kobuk Maiden" by Elmer Reed; Charles Lindbergh; "Paris Was Yesterday" by Janet Flavers; Photos; Paul Anowlick Imanna sings and tells stories; Robbery of King Island houses

by Charlie McAlpine.

Tape 16

Commentary and recollections on history of King Island; Photos, "Great Whaling Disaster 1870's"; "Thar She Blows" by Margaret Ewing; "Economic survey of King Island, Alaska 1939;"Artifacts.

Tape 17

Commentary, recollections and readings on writing class at USC (1982); "By What Means?" by Frances Ross; "You Can't Do Anything" by Frances Ross; John Teal's death; King Island Eskimos; "Annals of the Former World" by John McPhee; "Stranger in the Night" by Frances Ross; "When You Can Travel First Class" by Frances Ross; Stationing of nuclear subs in Alaska; "The Man with the Wooden Shoes" by Frances Ross; "So We can Live Like Human Beings" by Frances Ross.

Tape 18

Commentary, recollections and readings on"I don't Give a Good Damn Shit" by Frances Ross; Paul Imanna sings King Island songs and tells a story; Anthropology class she plans to take (1982); "Looking Far North: Harriman Expedition" by William H. Goetzman; "Looking Far North" and Stefansson; Anthropology class at University of Washington and changes in anthropology; Jimmy Carter's memoir; Kenneth E. Reed; Film "Eskimo Fight for Life."

Tape 19

Commentary, recollections and readings on anthropology class at University of Washington; Dr. Viola Garfield; Margret Lantis; King Island Community Houses; "For Men and Dogs" by Frances Ross; Dr. McClellan, University of Wisconsin regarding completion of PhD; "Missing and Presumes Dead" by Frances Ross; "Maybe Next Time" by France Ross; "Fifteen Dollar a Square Foot" by Frances Ross.

Tape 20

Commentary and recollections on visit to Eskimo friend Anowlik in hospital; Oceanic Trading Co; Eskimo experiences; "Journals Hundreds and Thousands" by Emily Carr; King Island Reunion; Anowlik's death; Classes at University of Washington (1983); Ruth Gruber; Arctic Collection at University of Washington.

No Tape 21

Tape 22

Commentary and recollections on Pacific Northwest collection at University of Washington; "Alaska Native Languages" by Michael E. Kraus; "Kujakuk Rover Culture" by Annette McFadden; "Inupiat-Eskimo Dictionary;" Petito Emile French, Oblate; "The Nome Nugget" Headlines 1901-1976; King Island slide project, King Island slides; E.W. Nelson and the King Islanders.

Tape 23

Commentary and recollections on Classes at University of Washington (1983); King Island, Kobuk and Nome Slides; Dr. Laura Bland.

Tape 24

Commentary and recollections on how her slides should be taken care of; Nome, Alaska; Classes at University of Washington (1983); King Island slides, "People of Kauwerak" by William Oquilluk.

Tape 25

Commentary, recollections and readings on King Island slides, Lt. Jarvis; Aloysius Pikonganno tape; Anthropology classes at University of Washington (1983).

Tape 26

Commentary and recollections on textbooks of her current classes; "A People Without a Country: The Kurds and Kurdistan" by Gerard Chaliand; "America's Past" by Thomas C. Patterson.

Tape 27

Commentary and recollections on Binford; "Archeology of the New World;" Frances Ross-Delegate to the 1984 Legislative District Caucus; Stefansson and the Explorer's Club; "Nome-City of the Golden Beaches" by Jim Walsh.

Tape 28

Commentary and recollections on Katharine White collection of African Art; Utamana's (Ursula Elanna) account of the King Island Wolf Dance and other King Island experiences; Classes at University of Washington (1984); King Island stories and songs including origin story; "People of the Whale" by David Boeri.

Tape 29

Commentary, recollections and readings on King Island stories; Textbooks and classes at University of Washington (1984); Classes at Jesuit College (1984); "I thought it Would Never Change" by Frances Ross; McKinlay; Ledyard and Captain Cook.

Tape 30

Commentary and recollections on research into early life of Nome, Alaska; Umberto Nobile and Amundsen; Italia; US Coast Guard project; Classes at University of Washington (1985); Eskimo language; Stefansson and Levonevski.

Tape 31

Commentary and recollections on King Island "I couldn't let their lives end in silence;" Vocabulary cards; King Island songs.

Tape 32

Commentary and recollections on King Island songs, US Coast Guard project and Glenda Chote; 9th Annual Wooden Boat Show-Shavings; Eskimo weaknesses.

Tape 33

Commentary and recollections on visit of King Islander Alex Magtoya who tells her about his visit to the Island in 1986; "Father Tom of the Arctic" by Louis L. Renner; "An Individual Approach to Decentralization" by Walter John Marks; Charles Yeagar; "Wales, Ice and Men" by John R. Bockstoce.

Tape 34

Commentary and recollections on "Wales, Ice and Men;" Captain Pederson; Origin myth of the King Islanders; Classes at University of Washington; Duke and Duchess of Windsor; Glenda Chote; Dorothy Jean Ray; Guy Moyer; Air show at Boeing Airfield; Autumn in Seattle.

Tape 35

Commentary and recollections on 1932 summer trip on the Trader; Visit from Alex Motoyak; Death of Anschuk; Aircraft carrier Constellation; TV program on Alaska; "So We Can Live Like Human Beings" by Frances Ross; "Maybe Next Week" by Frances Ross; "For Men and Dogs" by Frances Ross; "Fifteen Dollars a Square Foot" by Frances Ross; Dorothy Jean Ray; Stanton Patty; "Nome Nugget" microfilm collection.

Tape 36

Commentary and recollections on University of California at Idelwood; Bob Bartlett; Grant Application for King Island research; Stefansson stamp; Brower family of Barrow, Alaska; Jenny Brower diary; Curtis mythology on King Island origin stories; Jesuit priests; Anniversary of her twin brother's death; Audio reels with King Island stories and songs; Dorothy Jean Ray; Feast of Christ the King and its origin.

Tape 37

Commentary and recollections on Jesuit's Christ the King day; Pearl Harbor; Father Hubbard's pictures; Father Carrol's shortcomings; Alaska dog races; Frieda Larson; Stefansson autobiography (1963); Map of King Island Village (1930's); Father Renner; "Tracking the Bear" by Kathy Hunter; "The New Way to Eat" by Linda Clark; Stefansson and food.

Tape 38

Commentary and recollections on Alex Muktoyuk and Father Hubbard's project; Father Hubbard and Frances Ross; Jesuit meterologist Father Weber; Skulls sent to Dr. McLaughlin; "First Boat to King Island" by Barton Roueche, Alaska's pioneer postman; Last letter from her mother before her death; Dr. Frederica DeLaguna; Ruth Jonas; Ruth Gruber.

Tape 39

Commentary and recollections on Dr. Frederica DeLaguna; Matthew Henson; Ruth Jonas; King Island diary pages; Proposal for research support (1963); Bureau of Indian Affairs report; Father Carroll; "Workbook in Descriptive Linguistics" by Henry Allen Gleason, Jr.; King Island correspondence; "Don't They Think We Know How To Eat" by Frances Ross; "Maybe They Fool Us Again" by Frances Ross; "When You Can Travel First Class" by Frances Ross.

Tape 40

Commentary and recollections on Gary Hart scandal; Ruth Jonas; Dorothy Jean Ray; Slides; Boeing museum, Seattle; Col. North and Admiral Poindexter; Photographs.

Tape 41

Commentary and recollections on Photographs; Iran Contra Affair.

Tape 42

Pikungunna telling stories in Inuit re-taped by Frances Ross.

Tape 43

Translation of Pikungunna's stories by Alex Muktujuk supplemented by Frances Ross' recollections.

Tape 44

Pikungunna telling stories in Inuit original recording.

No tape 45

Tape 46

Commentary and recollections on John Heath and kajaks; Dorothy Jean Ray; Voices concern for her collection; Alex Muktuyuk visit; "Distance Justice-Policing the Alaskan Frontier" by William R. Hunt; "King Island Christmas" by Jean Rogers; Photographs.

Tape 47

Commentary and recollections on Catholic Missions Magazine; "Rescue" by Ruth Gruber; "North to the Pole" by William Steger; Theology classes at Seattle University; Dr. Laughlin; Thomas A. Ross deed to goldmine; "The Incredible Eskimo;" "A Place For Winter-Paul Tiulana's Story"by Vivian Senungetuk.

Tape 48

Commentary and recollections on air show at museum, Lindbergh exhibit; Arrival of Norge in Nome, 1926; Amundsen's Arrival in Nome 1920's; Nobile in Nome; Residents of Nome.

Tape 49

Commentary and recollections on planned course on Judaism at the local synagogue; Umberto Nobile's widow; Letter from brother in Manila; Loman family of Nome; BS Grinder; Temple B. Hirsch; Judaism; Discovery Space Shuttle; Olympic Games; Visit of King Islanders to Washington, DC; Stefansson and his biography.

Tape 50

Commentary and recollections on Stefansson and the biography by Hunt; Polar Stamps; Primus stove; National Geographic articles; US Civil Service Commission (1957).

Tape 51

Commentary and recollections on Stefansson's character and his female acquaintances in New York; Members of the Karluk expedition; Bad Kissingen, Germany; Evelyn Stefansson's discontent with Dartmouth College; Whales trapped in ice (1988).

Tape 52

Commentary and recollections on Barrow, Alaska; "Crossroads of Continental Culture of Siberia and Alaska" by William Fitzhugh; "The Predicament of Culture" by James Clifford; "The Arctic Grail" by Pierre Berton; "The Kingdom of the Seal" by Frances M. Menager; Christ the King celebration.

Tape 53

Commentary and recollections on Gorbachev; Coming to Dartmouth College to discuss the collection; "The Divided Twins: Alaska and Siberia" by Yegeny Yeutushenko; "A Bush Pilot in the Alaskan Yukon;" "Haven" by Ruth Gruber; "Art and Eskimo Power" by Lael Morgan; "King Island Tales: Eskimo History and Legend from the Bering Strait;" Professor Geist; Exxon Valdez disaster; Deed of Gift; Lunar landing; Arctic Brotherhood #9 members.

Tape 54

Commentary and recollections on Arctic Brotherhood # 9 members; Art Woodley's death; "Memoirs of a Yukon Priest" by Segundo Llorente; Goodwill Games; "Sadie Bower Neakok: An Inupiaq Woman" by Margaret B. Blackman; "Sydney Laurence: Painter of the North" by Kesler E. Woodward.

Tape 55

Commentary and recollections on Jesuit mission priests.

Biography

Frances Anna Ross was born on August 19, 1910 in Nome, Alaska; graduated from Nome High School in 1924 and attended the University of Washington from which she graduated with a BA in English literature in 1935. After completing one year of nursing school in Washington, DC in 1942 Frances began her career as an assistant and researcher to arctic explorer Vihljalmur Stefansson and others. She served in the 9th Regiment of the Air Force (Women's Air Corps) from 1943-1945 after which she continued to work as a secretary until returning to Fordham University Graduate School where she studied sociology. In 1955 she began her graduate work in anthropology at Stanford University from which she received her MA in 1958. Her thesis was a study of the native Alaskan King Islanders, entitled "The Eskimo House." As an undergraduate in the fall of 1931 Ross first visited King Island, a two square mile island in the Bering Sea, 40 nautical miles off of Cape Douglas, Alaska. There she Lived among the native Inupiat inhabitants until the summer of 1932. Her glimpse into the culture and language of the King Islanders would spark a lifelong interest in the Island and its inhabitants.

In 1959 she received her elementary school certification and was hired by the Bureau of Indian Affairs to teach Eskimo children in Kobuk, Barrow and Ambler, Alaska. However, she differed with the federal government in regard to educational policy, as well as the politics of the Bureau, and left her post in 1960. She returned to her education at the University of Wisconsin where she began, but never completed, work towards her Ph.D in Anthropology. Ross returned to Alaska in the fall of 1963 living and conducting census research on King Island until the summer of 1964.

Frances Ross never married and eventually settled in Seattle, Washington. Ross maintained friendships with many of the King Islanders who left the island in 1970, often holding on to their tools and ivory for them. In 1982 she began a correspondence with Phil Cronenwett, Chief of Special Collections and Curator of Manuscripts at Dartmouth College with the intent to donate her papers to the college. Over the next seven years she recorded 52 audio tapes addressed to Cronenwett with her recollections and commentary related to the arctic world and one audio tape addressed to Father Renner with her recollection of of the history of the Jesuit missionaries on King Island. Suffering from emphysema Frances Ross died January 26, 1995.

Thomas Austin Ross (1875-1952), an experienced seaman, arrived in Nome, Alaska in 1899 opened a boating business and began prospecting for gold. Providing support services for the famed US Revenue Cutter "Bear" he was influential in establishing the first Life Saving Station in Nome in 1902. In 1904 he was appointed custodian of the station. He married Charlotte Yosting Ross in British Columbia in 1908 and they lived on the second floor of the station where Frances and her twin brother Tom were born in 1910. In 1915 the US Life Saving Service became the US Coast Guard and Warrant Officer/Boatswain Ross continued as the Nome station keeper. Thomas Ross was a member of the American Legion as well as a charter member of the Pioneers of Alaska and the Arctic Brotherhood. Thomas and Charlotte had three children, Tom Jr., who died of appendicitis in 1919, Frances, and John J. who was born in 1922.

Series, Box & Folder List

Series 1, Audiotapes, circa 1880's - 1990

Contains fifty-two digitized audio tapes (no Tape 21 or 45) recorded between 1982 and 1990, addressed to Phil Cronenwett, former Chief of Special Collections and Curator of Manuscripts at Dartmouth College, containing recollections, anecdotes and commentary chronicling the life of Frances A. Ross and to a lesser extent that of her father Thomas A. Ross in Nome and on King Island, Alaska from the 1880's to the 1960's as well as her life in Seattle, Washington in the 1980's. Each tape references materials which are included, among them photographs, newspaper clippings, newspapers, magazines, newsletters, flyers, audio reels and on phonograph record of King Island songs and stories as well as lectures, manuscripts, notes, slides, vocabulary cards, artifacts, prints, diplomas and ephemera

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box: 1, Dates: circa 1884-1982

Audio Packets 1-6

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, (Tape 1A, Tape 2A) Tape 1A: Thomas A Ross appointment to US Coast Guard station, Nome, Alaska 1924; "The Eskimo Dictionary by Father Bernard Hubbard S.J, 1939; Tape 2A: Correspondence, Photographs, Clippings, 1982, 1924 -1982

    Access Restrictions

    None

    Use Restrictions

    Unrestricted

  • Folder: 2, (Tape 3A/B) Alaska Yukon Magazine, 1909-1910; USCG "Bear" poster; Magazines, 1925, 1979; "Hurdlicka Survey," 1930, 1909-1979

    Access Restrictions

    None

    Use Restrictions

    Unrestricted

  • Folder: 3, (Tape 4A/B) US Coast Guard registers 1884, 1940, 1949; Photographs, 1884-1949

    Access Restrictions

    None

    Use Restrictions

    Unrestricted

  • Folder: 4, (Tape 5A/B) "The Eskimo Community House" thesis, 1958; Partial " The Eskimo Community House" with Photographs; "Polar Sea" and "Polar Star", "Father Thomas P. Cunningham" by Frances Ross, 1959; Thomas A. Ross correspondence regarding Italian medal, 1927; "Aurora Borealis," Nome High School yearbook, 1926; Correspondence, 1977, 1926-1977

    Access Restrictions

    None

    Use Restrictions

    Unrestricted

  • Folder: 5, (Tape 6A/B) Photographs; Clippings, 1939; Correspondence, 1977; Notes; Nome index, 1899-1934, 1899-1977

    Access Restrictions

    None

    Use Restrictions

    Unrestricted

Box: 2, Dates: 1905-1982

Audio Packets 7-11

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, (Tape 7A/B) Newspaper clippings, 1918-1959; King Island, Nome and family photographs; Nome High School yearbook, 1930, "Aurora Borealis," Nome High School yearbook, 1912; King Island and Coast Guard photographs; Correspondence, 1947-1977, 1918-1977
  • Folder: 2, (Tape 8A/B) Family photographs; Nome and Coast Guard related photographs, circa 1920's-1950's;Postcards; Clippings, Ephemera, Correspondence, 1977, circa 1920's-1977
  • Folder: 3, (Tape 9A/B) Thomas A. Ross US Coast Guard documents and correspondence, 1905-1950's; Photographs; Clippings, 1982; Frances Ross employment records, 1952-1961; Stanford University material, 1958; Sitnasuk Native Corporation, 1980-1982, 1905-1982
  • Folder: 4, (Tape 10A/B) Correspondence, 1933-1982 (including a letter from Henri Matisse, 1949 and Umberto Nobile, 1961); Photographs; Clippings, 1955; "The Nome Nugget," 1962, 1963, 1982; King Island official correspondence with Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1950-1956; King Island official documents; "Record of Labor," 1931-1932 and 1932-1933, regarding King Island economy, 1930's-1982
  • Folder: 5, (Tape 11A/B) King Island collection of church hymns with translation; "The Resettlement of the King Islanders" by Frances Ross; Clippings; Diary of Arctic Cruise on the Northland, 1932; Correspondence, 1920's-1950's; "Yank" Magazine, 1945; "Gold Rush Nome" by Carrie McLain; Magazines, 1981-1982; King Island correspondence and material, 1930's-1950's; Inuit vocabulary; newspapers, 1920's-1982

Box: 3, Dates: 1893-1982

Audio Packets 12-14

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, (Tape 12A/B) Photographs; Apodruk print, 1922; Writings by Frances Ross; Correspondence; Clippings, 1918-1982; "Whence Came The Eskimos" by Frances Ross; "One Crowded Hour of Glorious Life" by Frances Ross; King Island "Alaska Native Cooperation Association (ANICA), 1930's-1950's; Photographs, 1918-1982
  • Folder: 2, (Tape 13A) Correspondence; Clippings; Photographs; Official documents, 1917-1982; King Island official correspondence; Inventory and provision lists; Vocabulary and material for a study done by Frances Ross for the Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1937-1964
  • Folder: 3, (Tape 13B) King Island correspondence; Lists and typescript of Bureau of Indian Affairs study; Official correspondence with Washington, DC; Loan application of the King Island community; Father Hubbard's photographs, 1937; Native store records, 1934-1944, 1934-1965
  • Folder: 4, (Tape 14A/B) Photographs; Clippings; Ephemera; Magazines; Correspondence, King Island: Father Hubbard's photographs, 1937; "Aurora Borealis," Nome High School yearbook, 1928 , 1893-1982

Box: 4, Dates: 1886-1983

Audio Packets 15-22

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, (Tape 15A/B) Correspondence; Clippings; Photographs; Alaska survey map 1954, Magazines; Ephemera, 1886-1982
  • Folder: 2, (Tape 16A/B) Correspondence; Clippings; Writings; Photographs; Notes; Ephemera, 1923-1982; King Island store records 1930's-1960's; King Island economic survey and correspondence, 1939, 1923-1982
  • Folder: 3, (Tape 17A/B, Tape 18A/B) Tape 17A/B: Clippings; Newspapers; Correspondence; Autobiographical Writings, 1963-1964; Ephemera; Tape 18A/B: Clippings; Magazine; Flyer; Newspaper; Autobiographical Writings, 1963-1982
  • Folder: 4, (Tape 19A/B, 20A/B) Tape 19A/B: Clippings; Flyers; Newspaper; Autobiographical Writings; Magazine; Tape 20A/B: Clippings; Magazines; Newspapers, 1982-1983
  • Folder: 5, (Tape 22A/B) Correspondence; Magazines; Flyers; Clippings, 1974-1983

Box: 5, Dates: 1937-1983

Audio Packets 23-26

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, (Tape 23A/B) Clippings; Newspapers; Magazines, 1983; "Kobuk Diary" typescript, 1962; King Island slides, 1964; Kobuk slides, 1960; Nome slides, 1963, 1960-1983
  • Folder: 2, (Tape 24A/B) Clippings; Magazines; Newspapers; Flyers; Correspondence; Certificates; King Island slides, 1963/64, 1962-1983
  • Folder: 3, (Tape 25A/B) Clippings; Correspondence; Photographs; Flyers; Magazines; Journals, 1982-1983; Nome Slides, 1963; Original audio tape recording of Aloysius Pikonganno with translated transcript, 1983, 1963-1983
  • Folder: 4, (Tape 26A/B) Clippings; Correspondence; Magazines, 1983-1984; King Island: Father Hubbard's Photographs, 1937, 1937-1984

Box: 6, Dates: 1930's-1985

Audio Packet 27-29

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, (Tape 27A/B) Clippings; Magazines; Correspondence; Ephemera; National Geographic map, "Peoples of the Arctic;" German icon on wood block; "My First King Island Winter, 1931-1932" by Frances Ross; Photographs; "Nome-City of Golden Beaches" by Alaska Geographic Society, 1984, 1931-1984
  • Folder: 2, (Tape 28A/B) "Kobuk Diary," Copy I and II, 1962; Clippings; Notes; Notes with Inuit vocabulary; Term papers; Correspondence, 1950's; Drafts of thesis, "The Eskimo Community House," 1950's; "The Story of the Wolf Dance" by Ursula Elanna (Utamana) and other recollections of King Island; Photographs; Seminar Materials, 1984; Material from Anthropology classes taken in 1984, 1929-1984
  • Folder: 3, (Tape 29A/B) Clippings; Writings; Flyers; Photographs; Magazines; Newspapers, 1930's-1985

Box: 7, Dates: 1900-1986

Audio Packets 30-32

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, (Tape 30A/B) Magazines; Clippings; Correspondence; Newsletters; Photographs; Ephemera, 1900-1985; Nome-King Island diary, 1962; Sermons and prayers in Inuit language by Father Bernard S.J., 1907; "Domus Historia" - History of the Jesuit mission on King Island by Father LaFortune S.J., 1940's-1950's, 1900-1985
  • Folder: 2, (Tape 31A/B) US Department of the Interior survey map Nome, 1955 and Teller, Alaska, 1950; Photographs; King Island correspondence; Measurements for boats, houses and snowshoes; Family locations, 1962; Family disbursements, 1931-1932; Baptismal Records, 1906-1923; Census conducted by Father Carroll S.J., 1962; Miscellaneous King Island records and data, 1963-1964; "The Resettlement of the King Islanders" by Frances Ross with research material; King Island diary pages typescript, 1962-1964, 1906-1964
  • Folder: 3, (Tape 32A/B, Tape 33A/B) Tape 32A/B: Clippings; Notes; Newspaper, 1963-1985; Tape 33A/B: "Chief Boatswain Thomas Austin Ross and the US Life Saving Station Nome, Alaska" by Glenda Chote and Thomas Harrison with notes and correspondence from Frances Ross, 1985; Correspondence, 1986, 1963-1986

Box: 8, Dates: 1920's-1987

Audio Packet 34-39

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, (Tape 34A/B) Magazine; Flyers; Correspondence; Textbook; Clippings; "Alaska Steam" by Alaska Geographic, 1984; "Alaska Native Arts and Crafts" by Alaska Geographic, 1985, 1985-1986
  • Folder: 2, (Tape 35A/B) Clippings; Magazines; Photographs; Notes; Miscellaneous writings by Frances Ross, 1920's-1986
  • Folder: 3, (Tape 36A/B, Tape 37A/B) Tape 36A/B: Autobiographical; Magazine; Newsletters; Photographs, 1920's-1986; Tape 37A/B: Clippings; Newspaper; "Dogs of the North" by Alaska Geographic, 1987; Newsletter; King Island pencil sketch, circa 1930's, 1920's-1987
  • Folder: 4, (Tape 38A/B) Clippings; Correspondence; Sheet music "Semper Paratus - The Coast Guard March" by Captain Francis Saltus Van Boskerck, 1927-1987
  • Folder: 5, (Tape 39A/B) Clippings; Correspondence; Newspapers; Diary pages; Photographs; Magazine; Textbook on descriptive linguistics, 1929-1987

Box: 9, Dates: 1910-1988

Audio Packets 40-49

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, (Tape 40A/B) Slides; Photographs; Magazine; Seattle Museum of Flight Materials, and Photographs, 1920's-1987
  • Folder: 2, (Tape 41A/B) Clipping; Photographs, undated
  • Folder: 3, (Tape 42A) Audiotape of Aloysius Pikungunna's stories of King Island, 1986
  • Folder: 4, (Tape 43A/B) King Island: Translated transcript of Pikungunnas's tape, 1987
  • Folder: 5, (Tape 44A/B) King Island: Original audiotape of Pikungunna's stories of King Island, 1986
  • Folder: 6, (Tape 46A/B) Magazines; Correspondence; Photographs; Ephemera; Clippings, 1962-1987
  • Folder: 7, (Tape 47A/B) New York Public Library dictionary catalogue on Alaska/Inuit material, 1971; Correspondence; Clippings; Magazine; Flyers; Postcards, 1910-1988
  • Folder: 8, (Tape 48A/B) Artifact Lists; Correspondence; Newsletters; Flyers; Ephemera, 1960-1988
  • Folder: 9, (Tape 49A/B) Clippings; Magazine; Correspondence; Jewish prayer book; Notes on Stefansson biography, 1986-1988

Box: 10, Dates: 1916-1989

Audio Packets 51-54, Artifacts

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, (Tape 50A/B, Tape 51 A/B) Tape 50 A/B: Clippings; Flyers; Correspondence; Photographs, 1960's, 1988; Tape 51 A/B: Notes; Greeting cards; Clippings; Flyer; Magazine, 1988, 1960's-1988
  • Folder: 2, (Tape 52A/B) Clippings; Photographs; Magazines, 1987-1988, Photographs; Inupiaq language dictionaries, 1980-1986, 1980-1988
  • Folder: 3, (Tape 53A/B, Tape 54A/B) Tape 53A/B: Clippings; Magazine; Correspondence; Flyer,; Newsletter, 1989; Arctic Brotherhood #9 photograph and membership cards, 1916-1917; Tape 54A/B: Recollections on Arctic Brotherhood #9 and books on the Arctic, 1916-1990
  • Folder: 4, (Artifacts) Scales for weighing gold; [corresponds to Tape 4B], circa 1890's
  • Folder: 5, (Artifacts) Three handmade birch bark baskets; [corresponds to Tape 4B], circa 1930's
  • Folder: 6, (Artifacts) Petrified eardrum of a whale; Fragment of fuselage of plane; [corresponds to Tape 16B], circa 1930's
  • Folder: 7, (Artifacts) Ivory and bone carvings and bead jewelry including a Greek orthodox cross pendant; Military insignia of Frances Ross and Thomas Ross, Souvenir items and King Island Harpoon tips and lady's combs; [corresponds to Tape 16B], undated
  • Folder: 8, (Artifacts) Leather scabbard; Ivory Carvings; [corresponds to Tape 16B], undated

Box: 11, Dates: circa 1960's-1970's

Ten audio reels of Kings Island Songs, Stories and Lectures; [corresponds to Tape 36B and Tape 37B]

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 12, Dates: undated

Vocabulary Cards and Artifacts

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, Inupiaq vocabulary 3"x 5" cards, undated
  • Folder: 2, Inupiaq vocabulary 3"x 5" cards, undated
  • Folder: 3, Inupiaq vocabulary 3"x 5" cards, undated
  • Folder: 4, (Artifacts) Ivory jewelry and carvings; [corresponds to Tape 48A], undated
  • Folder: 5, (Artifacts) Military decorations and family jewelry including a gold nugget ring, and a gold and Mastodon cross pendant on chain, 1910; Medal from the King of Italy to Thomas Ross, 1920's; [corresponds to Tape 48A], circa 1890's-1940's
  • Folder: 6, (Artifact) BS Grinder; [corresponds to Tape 49A], undated

Box: 13, Dates: 1905-1960's

Oversized Photographs and Prints

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, Photographs, Two rice paper prints "Dance in the Kashim print, Tuglemina print, 1963 [corresponds to Tape 5A/B], 1905-1960's
  • Folder: 2, Photographs and prints, undated
  • Folder: 3, Hydrographic map of Siberia and the Alaskan Bering Strait, 1932; Thomas Ross, "Order of the Crown of Italy," Diploma, 1927

Series 2, Educational materials, 1928-1962

Chronicles Frances A. Ross' academic career in sociology and anthropology: University of Washington (1928-1931), Stanford University (1955-1958), University of Wisconsin (1960-1962). Included are lecture notes, curricula, and writings

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box: 14, Dates: 1928-1980's

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, University of Washington: Chemistry notebook, 1931
  • Folder: 2, Stanford University: lecture notes social anthropology, circa 1950's
  • Folder: 3, Stanford University: lecture notes anthropology, circa 1950's
  • Folder: 4, Stanford University: lecture notes anthropology, 1956
  • Folder: 5, Stanford University: lecture notes anthropology, 1956
  • Folder: 6, Stanford University: lecture notes culture values, 1956
  • Folder: 7, Stanford University: lecture notes cultural transmission, circa 1956
  • Folder: 8, Stanford University: "Some Linguistic Problems in Eskimo Dialect" by Frances Ross, 1957
  • Folder: 9, Stanford University: lecture notes anthropology, circa 1950's
  • Folder: 10, Stanford University: Miscellaneous, circa 1950's
  • Folder: 11, Stanford University: Keesing field report, circa 1950's
  • Folder: 12, Stanford University: "Value Concepts in Enemy Way Music" by Frances Ross, 1956
  • Folder: 13, Stanford University: "Shaman: Eskimo and Navaho" by Frances Ross, 1956
  • Folder: 14, Stanford University: "The Chugach Eskimo" by Frances Ross, 1957
  • Folder: 15, Stanford University: lecture notes anthropology, 1957
  • Folder: 16, Stanford University: research data for thesis on Inuit houses, 1957
  • Folder: 17, Stanford University: Fulbright and other correspondence with Dr. Jeness, 1957-1958
  • Folder: 18, University of Wisconsin: lecture notes anthropology 121, circa 1962
  • Folder: 19, University of Wisconsin: "The American Experience with Reindeer" by Frances Ross, 1962
  • Folder: 20, University of Wisconsin: Colloquium, 1960-1961
  • Folder: 21, University of Wisconsin: lecture notes, anthropology, circa 1961
  • Folder: 22, University of Wisconsin: lecture notes, phonetics, circa 1961
  • Folder: 23, University of Wisconsin: lecture notes, phonetics, circa 1961
  • Folder: 24, University of Wisconsin: lecture notes, bones, circa 1961
  • Folder: 25, University of Wisconsin: Miscellaneous, circa 1961-1962
  • Folder: 26, Miscellaneous writings by Frances Ross, undated
  • Folder: 27, "I Chose Four" by Leal Oman, 1950
  • Folder: 28, "The Lady Trader of Kobuk" by Frances Ross, undated
  • Folder: 29, "The School's Role in Transmitting English in an Eskimo Community" by Frances Ross, undated
  • Folder: 30, "My King Island" by Frances Ross, undated
  • Folder: 31, Notes for "The School as an Acculturating Factor in an Eskimo Community" by Frances Ross, undated
  • Folder: 32, "The Western Root of Eskimo Culture" by Chester Chard, undated
  • Folder: 33, "Meeting Frances Ross" by Dick Henderson, 1982

Series 3, Correspondence, 1930's-1980's

Contains personal and professional correspondence, financial documents, documents related to Thomas A. Ross (1940's-1950's) and the Nome Fire of 1934

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box: 14, Dates: 1928-1980's

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 34, Correspondence with the Stefansson's, 1950's-1970's
  • Folder: 35, Correspondence with Senator Bob Bartlett, 1959-1960
  • Folder: 36, Correspondence with Inuit Friends, 1950's-1960's
  • Folder: 37, Correspondence with Ruth Gruber, 1943-1980
  • Folder: 38, Correspondence with Jesuit priests, 1960-1983
  • Folder: 39, Correspondence with Dr. Chester Chard, 1959-1960
  • Folder: 40, Correspondence regarding Pedersen book, 1961-1962
  • Folder: 41, Correspondence with Dr. Otto Geist, 1959-1960
  • Folder: 42, Correspondence with Dr. Margaret Lantis, 1957-1961
  • Folder: 43, Correspondence miscellaneous, 1950's-1980's
  • Folder: 44, Correspondence with mother (Charlotte Yosting Ross), 1940's-1960's
  • Folder: 45, Clippings Nome fire, 1934, 1934
  • Folder: 46, Thomas Ross correspondence and documents, 1940's-1950's
  • Folder: 47, Personal and financial documents Frances Ross, 1950's-1960's

Series 4, Teaching/Research, 1950's-1960's

Contains materials related to Ross' teaching and census research in Kobuk, Barrow, and Ambler, Alaska for the Bureau of Indian Affairs from 1958-1960. Includes correspondence, health records, student records, census data, administrative records, teaching materials and the handwritten manuscript of her "Kobuk Diary."

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box: 15, Dates: 1950's-1960's

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, Teaching at Barrow, Alaska for Bureau of Indian Affairs, 1959
  • Folder: 2, List of Alaska schools, 1957
  • Folder: 3, Special Review Assessment (SRI) Scores, 1959
  • Folder: 4, Economy at Kobuk, Alaska, undated
  • Folder: 5, Notes on Kobuk history by Harry Brown, undated
  • Folder: 6, Miscellaneous census data Kobuk, Alaska, 1953
  • Folder: 7, Miscellaneous census data, genealogy Kobuk, Alaska, circa 1953
  • Folder: 8, Miscellaneous anthropological data Kobuk, Alaska, 1953
  • Folder: 9, Administrative, teaching and census Records for Kobuk and Ambler, Alaska, 1959
  • Folder: 10, Kobuk School health records, 1950's
  • Folder: 11, Ambler, Alaska census records, 1959
  • Folder: 12, Kobuk School teaching records, 1959-1960
  • Folder: 13, Kobuk School spelling tests, 1960
  • Folder: 14, Kobuk School correspondence and administrative records, 1960
  • Folder: 15, Kobuk School health and medication lists, 1959-1960
  • Folder: 16, Inuit medical lore, undated
  • Folder: 17, Inuit legends, undated
  • Folder: 18, Inuit language miscellaneous notes, undated
  • Folder: 19, "The Alaska Teacher" Magazine, 1959-1960
  • Folder: 20, Shungnak native store, 1960
  • Folder: 21, Wien Alaska Arctic Liner, 1959-1960
  • Folder: 22, "Kobuk Diary" stenographer pads, 1959-1960
  • Folder: 23, "Kobuk Diary" stenographer pads, 1959-1960
  • Folder: 24, "Kobuk Diary" stenographer pads, 1959-1960

Series 5, Jesuit Mission in Alaska, 1906-1985

Contains material related to the Jesuit Mission on King Island including a digitized audiotape of recollections by Frances A. Ross of the various Jesuit priests that served in mainland Alaska and on King Island

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box: 16, Dates: 1906-1985

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, Father Thomas Cunningham, 1906-1959; Clippings; Correspondence; Digitized audio tape with Frances Ross' recollections, 1985, 1906-1985
  • Folder: 2, "Eskimo/English Vocabulary and Grammar" by Father Joseph Bernard, 1907-1916; Ephemera; Correspondence, 1907-1960

Series 6, Photographs/Artifacts/Audio, undated

Contains unidentified photographs as well as images and negatives of King Island, artifacts and audio of King Island songs and stories.

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box: 16, Dates: 1906-1985

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 3, Miscellaneous photographs, Undated
  • Folder: 4, King Island: Kagri photographs; Miscellaneous photographs; Negatives; Microfilm, Undated
  • Folder: 5, Miscellaneous papers, undated

Box: 17, Dates: circa 1930's, 1960

Artifacts

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, Bleached white sealskin gun case; ["Itocuk" wooden pineapple shape with three sharp barbs with protective hide around it], Undated
  • Folder: 2, Primus stove, Undated
  • Folder: 3, Thomas Ross leather US Coast Guard belt, Undated
  • Folder: 4, "Thomas Ross Lieutenant Commanding" wooden paper weight, Undated
  • Folder: 5, Frances Ross 9th Army Air Force patches; Beaded rosary bag made by Ursula Elanna; Military insignia, Boot ornament, Undated

Box: 18, Dates: 1972

LP Record of King Island songs and stories compiled by Lorraine Donoghue Koranda

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 19, Dates: 1920-1930

Prints; Photographs; Thomas Ross Chief Boatswain diplomas, 1926; Survey Map, Bering Sea Alaska and Siberia, circa 1930's; Wooden paddle tip

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Box: 20, Dates: circa 1920's

Thomas Ross US Coast Guard ceremonial sword

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Finding Aids