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Rauner Special Collections Library6065 Webster Hall, Hanover, NH 03755-3519 USATelephone: 603-646-0538, Fax: 603-646-0447Rauner.Reference@dartmouth.edu

Guide to the Papers of John H. Gerould, 1883 - 1956

Manuscript MS-1040

Full Finding Aid

Title:

Guide to the Papers of John H. Gerould, 1883 - 1956

Call Number:

Manuscript MS-1040

Collection Dates:

1883 - 1956

Size of Collection:

7 boxes (6.75 linear feet)

Abstract:

John Hiram Gerould, Dartmouth College, 1890. Professor of Biology and Geneticist. Contains correspondence, manuscripts, lecture notes and photographs related to his teaching career in biology and genetics. Also contains accounts and receipts from his student years at Dartmouth.

Access to Collection:

Unrestricted.

Use & Access

The materials represented in this guide may be accessed through the Rauner Special Collections Library at Dartmouth College. The Rauner Library is located in Webster Hall. The materials must be used on-site and may not leave Rauner Library.

The Rauner Special Collections Library is open to the public and in most cases no appointment is necessary. The exception is in the case of materials stored off site for which there may be a delay in retrieval. Please consult the Access to Collection statement below or contact Rauner Reference.

Rauner Library HoursRauner Library Patron Information

Access to Collection

Unrestricted.

Use Restrictions

Permission from Dartmouth College required for publication or reproduction.

Introduction to the Collection

The Papers of John Hiram Gerould contain personal and professional correspondence; accounts and receipts; notebooks, sketchbooks; manuscripts, lectures; photographs and negatives; and other writings.

The collection is arranged in five series: Correspondence, Statements of Account and Receipts, Notebooks, Writings, and Photographs. Correspondence contains letters to his family while traveling abroad and during the summer while on research trips; a collection of note cards listing contacts as well as correspondence between Gerould and William Hovanitz concerning Colias butterfly genetics. The accounts and receipts contain forms which record details of Gerould's tuition costs and other fees while a student at Dartmouth. The notebooks contain lecture notes, as well as notes on his experiments from his time at Dartmouth and Harvard. The writing series contains manuscripts of Gerould's published articles and chapters concerning heredity, genetics and biology. Photographs contains two photographs of Gerould’s professional contemporaries, a number of travel photographs and negatives from Brittany in the 1890s as well as negatives and prints of insect anatomy.

Biography

John Hiram Gerould (1868-1961) graduated from Dartmouth College with a LittB in 1890 and earned a Ph.D. from Harvard in 1895. After his education, Gerould was hired as an assistant instructor of biology (zoology) from 1894 to 1906, an assistant professor from 1906 to 1915, an associate professor from 1915 to 1918, and a full professor from 1918 to 1938 at Dartmouth College. While at Harvard, Gerould studied under Charles Davenport, a leading figure in the American eugenics establishment. This friendship and working relationship would lead Gerould to the study of eugenics.

Gerould was an active researcher, studying in particular the problems of heredity, adaptation and physiology of insects. This research was instrumental in Gerould establishing the first genetics and eugenics courses at Dartmouth College. Despite his study of eugenics, Gerould was not a strict hereditarian or determinist; he did believe that education and training could provide the opportunity for humans to overcome their genetic downfalls.

Series, Box & Folder List

Series 1, Correspondence, 1890-1956

Personal and Professional Correspondence

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box: 1, Dates: 1886-1956

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, Postcards to Mother, Marion, Gordon and "my girl" during study trip in Europe: Roscoff, Finistere, Paris, Naples, Florence, Rome, Heidelberg, Berlin., 1898-1899
  • Folder: 2, Letters sent home when at Harvard, during a summer at Woods Hole and at Newport, RI, and while teaching at Dartmouth, 1892-1896
  • Folder: 3, Letters to home from Hanover, NH and Woods Hole, 1890-1891
  • Folder: 4, Letters home including correspondence while in Europe. Also included are two envelopes, a letter "list" and brief notes on Darwin's theory, 1898-1899
  • Folder: 5, Letter of thanks from former student, 1941
  • Folder: 6, Correspondence Alphabetically-A, 1921-1954
  • Folder: 7, Correspondence Alphabetically-B, 1914-1949
  • Folder: 8, Correspondence Alphabetically-C, 1911-1939
  • Folder: 9, Correspondence Alphabetically-D, 1912-1954
  • Folder: 10, Correspondence Alphabetically-F, 1910-1950
  • Folder: 11, Correspondence Alphabetically-G, 1914-1948
  • Folder: 12, Correspondence Alphabetically-H, 1914-1926
  • Folder: 13, Correspondence Alphabetically-I, 1906-1922
  • Folder: 14, Correspondence Alphabetically-J, 1912-1947
  • Folder: 15, Correspondence Alphabetically-K, 1897-1939
  • Folder: 16, Correspondence Alphabetically-L, 1898-1939
  • Folder: 17, Correspondence Alphabetically-M, 1911-1947
  • Folder: 18, Correspondence Alphabetically-N, 1912-1950
  • Folder: 19, Correspondence Alphabetically-O, 1914-1920
  • Folder: 20, Correspondence Alphabetically-P, 1916-1948
  • Folder: 21, Correspondence Alphabetically-Q, 1932-1935
  • Folder: 22, Correspondence Alphabetically-R, 1911-1951
  • Folder: 23, Correspondence Alphabetically-S, 1910-1937
  • Folder: 24, Correspondence Alphabetically-T, 1920-1939
  • Folder: 25, Correspondence Alphabetically-V, 1908-1931
  • Folder: 26, Correspondence Alphabetically-W, 1913-1939
  • Folder: 27, Correspondence Alphabetically-Y, 1922-1939
  • Folder: 28, Letters to and from Ralph Macy, Esteban Figueroa (Cuba), Tadao Yokoyama, and other Dartmouth professors and students., 1929-1956
  • Folder: 29, A collection of responses to an American Philosophical Society paper, and other correspondence, 1931-1954
  • Folder: 30, Letters presented at honorary dinner, 1938
  • Folder: 31, Letter from the editor of ISIS, 1924
  • Folder: 32, Letters related to Sipunculids, 1947-1951
  • Folder: 33, Yokoyama's work on periodic reversal, 1950
  • Folder: 34, Class of 1890 Dartmouth College 50th reunion booklet, and miscellaneous letters, 1940-1952
  • Folder: 35, Letters to and from Austin H. Clark, 1928-1944
  • Folder: 36, Letters from Marsh Tenney, and T. Yokoyama, 1951-1952
  • Folder: 37, Letters to and from William Hovanitz concerning Colias butterfly genetics, 1939-1950

Box: 7, Dates: undated

Professional Contacts and Publication Notecards

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.

Series 2, Accounts and Receipts, 1886-1890

Contains statements of account and receipts from Gerould's student years at Dartmouth College. Printed forms, completed in manuscript.

Box: 1, Dates: 1886-1956

Box Contents

  • Folder: 38, Statements of account and receipts, 1886-1890

Series 3, Notebooks, 1890-1956

Contains Notes and Sketches

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box: 2, Dates: 1890-1932

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, Ornithological ledger, Five ornithological and natural history notebooks, 1883
  • Folder: 2, Two notebooks from Paris, one contains lecture notes by Prof. Gabriel Campbell, 1890
  • Folder: 3, Notebook: "Year in France"; Notebook: "Lectures on Modern Philosophy", 1890
  • Folder: 4, Heredity 3+4 notes, circa 1914
  • Folder: 5, Laboratory Exercises in Chemistry, two Physics notebooks, 1884-1889
  • Folder: 6, Chemistry Experiments notebook, circa 1890
  • Folder: 7, Zoology 3 sketchbook, circa 1890
  • Folder: 8, Botany 2 sketchbook, circa 1890
  • Folder: 9, Zoology notebook Prof Hitchcock, 1898
  • Folder: 10, Lecture notes- Invertebrates, no date
  • Folder: 11, Appointment booklets circa 1890's; notebook: "Records of Photography"; notebook: "Cand Arenata"; notebook: "Amaeba flattae"; gradebook, 1896-1908
  • Folder: 12, Notebooks: 11 biology, 3 field, 1 "Circulation in Bombyxmori 1927"; 2 booklets "Burr and Burton Seminary 1891"; 1 glass negative "philodice", 1891-1927
  • Folder: 13, 25 Zoology notebooks, 1 small box w/ miscellaneous index cards, booklet, photographs, 1912-1932
  • Folder: 14, Mailing lists, and Phascolosoma drawings at Newport R. I., circa 1894

Box: 3, Dates: 1890-1956

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, Bombyx, circa 1935
  • Folder: 2, Photostat negative of Gordon Gerould, no date
  • Folder: 3, Photostat of de Brinsville dictionary pages, no date
  • Folder: 4, Selenka, no date
  • Folder: 5, Thoracic heart of silkworm moth, circa 1936
  • Folder: 6, History of periodic reversal, no date
  • Folder: 7, Verson's figures, no date
  • Folder: 8, notes, no date
  • Folder: 9, Walter Stewart- Bumble Bee heart, no date
  • Folder: 10, Freak tomato photo, no date
  • Folder: 11, A new mutation, 1921
  • Folder: 12, Elongatum first described, 1860-1865
  • Folder: 13, Lecture on Marine Biology, 1902
  • Folder: 14, Development of Phascolosoma, circa 1906
  • Folder: 15, Various moths, no date
  • Folder: 16, Silkworms circulation tables and graphs, no date
  • Folder: 17, Colias Philodice, 1910
  • Folder: 18, Lepidoptera, no date
  • Folder: 19, Silkworm notes, no date
  • Folder: 20, Congress of Genetics Program, 1932
  • Folder: 21, Phascolosoma Verrillii, no date
  • Folder: 22, Notebooks, no date
  • Folder: 23, Chick Embryos, no date
  • Folder: 24, Candinii Arenata, no date
  • Folder: 25, newspaper clippings, no date
  • Folder: 26, Temperature records, no date
  • Folder: 27, Risso 1826, no date
  • Folder: 28, Inatrefages, no date
  • Folder: 29, Max Mueller, no date
  • Folder: 30, Phascolosoma Granulatum, no date
  • Folder: 31, Diesing, no date
  • Folder: 32, Keferstein, no date
  • Folder: 33, Sipunculids, 1913
  • Folder: 34, Abstracts, circa 1932
  • Folder: 35, End of heart in pupa and adult, circa 1933
  • Folder: 36, Circulation - pupa, 1936
  • Folder: 37, Dragonfly - Klein's work, no date
  • Folder: 38, Studies on the embryology of the Sipunculidae, circa 1952
  • Folder: 39, Drawings, no date
  • Folder: 40, Genetics Congress Exhibits, 1932
  • Folder: 41, Town and Country biographical article, 1934
  • Folder: 42, Physical Basis of heredity charts (3 pieces, rolled), no date

Box: 4, Dates: 1890-1956

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, Woods Hole - Dr. Bumpus, 1891
  • Folder: 2, Reverse half-tone prints and colored plates, 1943
  • Folder: 3, Eleven mounted sketches, no date

Series 4, Writings, 1890-1956

Contains manuscripts and lectures

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box: 5, Dates: 1890-1956

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, History of Biology for Colliers Encyclopedia, 1931-1946
  • Folder: 2, Heredity of the Child, no date
  • Folder: 3, Amoeba- textbook chapter manuscript, no date
  • Folder: 4, Structure and action of the heart, 1938
  • Folder: 5, Genetic and Seasonal Variation of Orange wing color, circa 1943
  • Folder: 6, Manuscripts, circa 1922-1928
  • Folder: 7, Correspondence (and chapter manuscripts) with W. H. Wise and Co, 1939-1940
  • Folder: 8, Lectures, no date
  • Folder: 9, The Evolution of Sexuality, 1894
  • Folder: 10, Secondary Sexual Characteristics, 1923
  • Folder: 11, Heredity, no date
  • Folder: 12, Life and Evolution of Butterflies , Effects of Environment, no date
  • Folder: 13, Lectures-Plant Hybridizers, Color and Heredity, Mutation, no date
  • Folder: 14, Camouflage in Animals, circa 1924
  • Folder: 15, Lecture in Manchester N.H., no date
  • Folder: 16, Periodic Reversal in other orders than Lepidoptera, circa 1928

Series 5, Photographs and negatives, 1890-1956

Contains studies of insects, notecards as well as negatives and photographs of Gerould's travels in Brittany and France

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted.

Box: 5, Dates: 1890-1956

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • Folder: 17, Two photographs of Contemporaries

Box: 6, Dates: 1890's, no date

Negatives and prints of insect anatomy and photographs of travel/architecture in Brittany, France and Channel Islands. [Nitrate negatives removed. Negatives scanned and available off server]

Access Restrictions

Unrestricted

Box Contents

  • There is no folder listing for this box.