Guide to the Papers of Arthur M. Cox, circa 1947 - 1990Manuscript MS-1139


Arthur Macy Cox was born on May 5, 1920. He graduated from Dartmouth College with a B.A. in history and political science in 1942. During W.W.II he served in the secret intelligence branch of the O.S.S. overseas, and was a member of the staff of the O.S.S. Planning Board which was instrumental in setting up the C.I.A. From 1948-1952, he worked for the Economic Cooperation Administration which was the architect of the Marshal Plan. After leaving the Cooperation he became a member of the Psychological Strategy Board on which he served until 1954. As member of the Board, Cox was directly involved in clandestine operations and instrumental in ushering in the Cold War. Having become an authority on US-Soviet relations he participated in several diplomatic negotiations with the Soviets on behalf of the State Department for which he worked until 1963. Continuing his scholarly and political interest in US-Russian relations, he published prolifically including three books on this subject matter. As a proponent for responsible arms control Cox was also busy on the lecture circle. In 1963, he became the director of the Brookings Institute which was part of the United Nations Policy Studies Program. He remained a busy consultant for foreign affairs and joined the American Committee of US-Soviet Relations as secretary. Cox died on April 29, 1993 at the age of 72.

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