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Josiah Bartlett papers, 1774-1888Rauner Manuscript MS-181

Full Finding Aid


Josiah Bartlett papers

Call Number:

Rauner Manuscript MS-181

Collection Dates:


Size of Collection:

.7 linear ft., 1 box


Josiah Bartlett (1729-1795), statesman and governor of New Hampshire. The collection consists of private and public papers relating to his involvement in the American Revolution, the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, the U.S. presidency and governorship of New Hampshire.

Access to Collection:


Use & Access

The materials represented in this guide may be accessed through the Rauner Special Collections Library at Dartmouth College. Rauner Library is located in Webster Hall. The materials must be used on-site and may not leave Rauner Library.

Rauner Special Collections Library is open to the public and in most cases no appointment is necessary. The exception is in the case of materials stored off site for which there may be a delay of up to 48 hours in retrieval. Please consult the Access to Collection statement below or contact Rauner Reference.

Conditions Governing Access


Conditions Governing Use

Permission from Dartmouth College required for publication or reproduction.

Introduction to the Collection

The papers of Josiah Bartlett contain correspondence, lists, proclamations, notifications and clippings. The material covers Bartlett's involvement as a delegate to the Continental Congress, member of the N.H. Assembly, and his role as Governor of New Hampshire. Subjects covered include the Declaration of Independence, the U.S. Constitution, the state of affairs in Europe, and troop enlistment and logistics. Notable correspondents are Jeremy Belknap, James Blanchard, Jonathan Blanchard, John Taylor Gilman, Nicholas Gilman, Henry Knox, Paine Wingate, John Langdon, Nathaniel Peabody, Benjamin Rush, Jeremiah Smith, Ebenezer Thompson, Meshech Weare, Nathaniel Folsom, Samuel Philbrick, John Wheelock, William Whipple, and William Williams. One letter from his son Ezra is also included.


Josiah Bartlett was born at Amesbury, Massachusetts in 1729. Around 1746, he began the study of medicine and started practicing in Kingston, New Hampshire in 1750. In 1756, he was elected to the Colonial Assembly and in 1767, he became a colonel of his county's militia. He was also appointed justice of the peace by Governor John Wentworth. In 1774, Bartlett joined the Assembly's Committee of Correspondence and began his work with the revolutionary leaders of the other 12 colonies. In 1775, he was selected as a delegate to the Continental Congress where he served on the Safety, Secrecy, Munition, Marine and Civil Government Committees. As a delegate he was one of the signers of the Declaration of Independence. Bartlett was re-elected to Congress in 1778, and served on the committee that drafted the Articles of Confederation. In 1788, he was made Chief Justice of the New Hampshire Supreme Court and was among those that adopted the U.S.Constitution at the New Hampshire Convention. From 1791 to 1792 he served first at the chief executive of New Hampshire and then as president. In 1792, he became governor, a position he held until 1794. Bartlett died on May 19, 1795.

Box & Folder List

Box: 1, 1774-1888

Access Restrictions


American War of Independence and Aftermath

Box Contents

  • Folder: 1, Correspondence: Ezra Bartlett to Josiah Bartlett, 1792-12-19
  • Folder: 2, Correspondence: Jeremy Belknap to Josiah Bartlett, 1790-1792
  • Folder: 3, Correspondence: James Blanchard to Josiah Bartlett re. enlistment and escape of a negro, 1782; 1784
  • Folder: 4, Correspondence: Jonathan Blanchard to Josiah Bartlett , 1784
  • Folder: 5, Correspondence: William M. Clary to Josiah Bartlett, 1793-1794
  • Folder: 6, Correspondence: Nathaniel Folsom to Josiah Bartlett re. Declaration of Independence, 1776-08-14
  • Folder: 7, Correspondence: Nathaniel Folsom to Josiah Bartlett (some with transcriptions), 1776-05-1776-10
  • Folder: 8, Correspondence: Nathaniel Folsom to Josiah Bartlett re. resolution of congress, 1778-01-02
  • Folder: 9, Correspondence: Nathaniel Folsom to Josiah Bartlett re. public affairs, 1780-04-17
  • Folder: 10, Correspondence: George Frost to Josiah Bartlett re. situation in Europe, 1777-07-12
  • Folder: 11, Correspondence: William Gardner to Josiah Bartlett re. bill for funding the national debt, 1790-08-09
  • Folder: 12, Correspondence: John Taylor Gilman to Josiah Bartlett, 1782-1783
  • Folder: 13, Correspondence: Nicholas Gilman to Josiah Bartlett re. state finances and payment of soldiers, 1778-09-14
  • Folder: 14, Correspondence: Nicholas Gilman to Josiah Bartlett, 1790-1794
  • Folder: 15, Correspondence: George Hough to Josiah Bartlett re. application for printing journal, 1790-06-23
  • Folder: 16, Correspondence: John Langdon to Josiah Bartlett, 1776-1794
  • Folder: 17, Correspondence: Jeremiah Libbey to Josiah Bartlett, 1792
  • Folder: 18, Correspondence: Ed S. Livermore to Josiah Bartlett re. his resignation as solicitor of the county, 1793-07-29
  • Folder: 19, Correspondence: Pierce Long to Josiah Bartlett, 1776; 1778
  • Folder: 20, Correspondence: Sam A. Otis to Josiah Bartlett, 1792-1793
  • Folder: 21, Correspondence: Nathaniel Peabody to Josiah Bartlett, 1779-1791
  • Folder: 22, Correspondence: Joseph Pearson to Josiah Bartlett, 1790-1792
  • Folder: 23, Correspondence: Samuel Philbrick to Josiah Bartlett, including meeting minutes (June 10) re. political structure of the state, 1778
  • Folder: 24, Correspondence: J. W. Pierce to Josiah Bartlett re. stolen papers and forged securities, 1786-06-20
  • Folder: 25, Correspondence: Benjamin Rush to Josiah Bartlett re. medicine for tumors, 1783-02-23
  • Folder: 26, Correspondence: Jeremiah Smith to Josiah Bartlett, 1791-1792
  • Folder: 27, Correspondence: Elisha Thayer to Josiah Bartlett, 1778-07-09
  • Folder: 28, Correspondence: Abiel Trotter to Josiah Bartlett, 1783; 1784
  • Folder: 29, Correspondence: Meshech Weare to Josiah Bartlett re. taking up government, 1776-02-10
  • Folder: 30, Correspondence: John Wheelock, 1790-1793
  • Folder: 31, Correspondence: William Whipple to Josiah Bartlett (with Ezra Currier), 1777
  • Folder: 32, Correspondence: William Whipple to Josiah Bartlett, 1776-1779
  • Folder: 33, Correspondence: Oliver Whipple to Josiah Bartlett, 1791-1793
  • Folder: 34, Correspondence: Paine Wingate to Josiah Bartlett, 1790-1794
  • Folder: 35, Correspondence: William Williams to Josiah Bartlett, 1792
  • Folder: 37, Correspondence: Unidentified letters to Josiah Bartlett, 1783-1794
  • Folder: 36, Correspondence: C. White to Josiah Bartlett, 1782-12-04
  • Folder: 38, Correspondence: William Whipple, Pierce Long, Ebenezer Thompson, John Langdon to Josiah Bartlett, 1776
  • Folder: 39, Correspondence: Benjamin Thurston, Meshech Weare to Josiah Bartlett, 1778
  • Folder: 40, Correspondence: John Pickering, John Wendell, John Beckley to Josiah Bartlett, 1791
  • Folder: 41, Correspondence: Jim Walker, John Sullivan, Jonathan Cass, Samuel Tenney, Joseph Wentworth, Theo Bartlett to Josiah Bartlett, 1791-1793
  • Folder: 42, Correspondence: John Giddeon, Amos and Abner Chase, Timothy Dudley to Josiah Bartlett re. amunitions, 1794-1795
  • Folder: 43, Correspondence: Josiah Bartlett to John Langdon re. the building of a ship, 1775
  • Folder: 44, Correspondence: Josiah Bartlett to William Whipple (copy) re. Committee of Safety, 1777-09-22
  • Folder: 45, Correspondence: Josiah Bartlett to the President re. communications, 1778-05-27
  • Folder: 46, Correspondence: Josiah Bartlett to Co. Reed and James Blanchard, 1781-1782
  • Folder: 47, Correspondence: Josiah Bartlett to Joseph Gilman re. order for clothing for soldiers, 1784-03-05
  • Folder: 48, Correspondence: Josiah Bartlett to Joseph Whipple re. light house and fort ant Piscataqua Harbour, 1791-03-17
  • Folder: 49, "Note to Selectmen of Kingstown" signed by Wentworth, 1775
  • Folder: 50, "An Account of Prisoners taken by General Washington the 26th December 1776", 1776
  • Folder: 51, Letter from Charles Lee to Josiah Bartlett (copy), 1777-02-11
  • Folder: 52, Note from State of New Hampshire (Bartlett) to Captain Robert Steward re. troop allotment, 1777-03-22
  • Folder: 53, "Copy of G. Sinclair's Letter of the 7th June 1777 at Evacuation of Ticonderoga", 1777
  • Folder: 54, "Copy of Orders to the Captain-July the 24th 1777", 1777
  • Folder: 55, "Copy of Letter by General Lincoln to General Schuyler with additional notations re. joining the Continental Army, Bennington, August 8th 1777" (with transcriptionz, 1777
  • Folder: 56, "Copy of Letter from Lieutenant General Burgoyne to Lord George Germane, dated camp near Saratoga August 20th 1777", 1777
  • Folder: 57, "Copy of Jacob Duche's Letter to Washington", 1777-10-08
  • Folder: 58, Note from State of New Hampshire (Bartlett) to Simeon Ladd to release Nathaniel...., 1777-12-12
  • Folder: 59, "Abstract of a Letter from General Smallwood to General Washington", 1777-12-30
  • Folder: 60, "Role of Captain Ebenenzer Webster, Bennington", 1777
  • Folder: 61, "Extract from the minutes" re. captured military personnel receiving their pay, 1778-01-17
  • Folder: 62, "Order from Robert Stuart to Col. Josiah Bartlett" re. return of men, 1778-04-27
  • Folder: 63, Copy of Notification re. East of the Connecticut River towns joining the State of Vermont, 1778-06-11
  • Folder: 64, "Copy of a Letter from the Honorable Roger Sherman of Connecticut to Col. Payne in New Hampshire" re. withdrawal of towns form the jurisdiction of the the State, 1778-10-31
  • Folder: 65, "Oaths Appointed to be taken instead of the Oaths of Allegiance and Supremacy: And Declaration", 1778
  • Folder: 66, "Expenses at Yorktown" with "Expenses at Philadelphia" incurred by Bartlett, 1778
  • Folder: 67, Copy of Letter from I. Adams to Josiah Bartlett re. loans, 1779
  • Folder: 68, "Roll of the Travel and Attendance of the Committee of Safety from the 30th March 1780 to the fifteenth day of April following boys days included", 1789
  • Folder: 69, Note from State of New Hampshire re. Militia by Mechach Weare, 1780-06-28
  • Folder: 70, Listing of enlisted men by town, circa 1780
  • Folder: 71, "Commonwealth of Massachusetts Application to the General Court" re. jurisdiction of certain territory in the State, 1781-03-08
  • Folder: 72, Copy of a postscript of a letter by George Washington to President Weare re. debates in British Parliament about America's independence, 1782-05-08
  • Folder: 73, Listing of number of officers in the army by state, 1782
  • Folder: 74, State of New Hampshire - Committee of Safety re. liberation of William Varne, 1784-02-20
  • Folder: 75, Proclamation announcing that Josiah Bartlett, John McClary, Samuel Penhall and George Atkinson are allowed to administer the Oath of Allegiance, 1783
  • Folder: 76, "New Jersey - An Act of Raising Revenue", 1783
  • Folder: 77, "By the United States in Congress Assembled - An Ordinance for putting the Department of Finance into Commission", 1784-05-28
  • Folder: 78, "Memorandum of an Agreement between Josiah Bartlett and Peter Severance" re. six beef cattle, 1788-11
  • Folder: 79, Notes to Peter Severance instructing payments, 1790
  • Folder: 80, "List of the killed and wounded Officers in the Battle of the 4th November 1791", 1791
  • Folder: 81, "List of Creditor States" Report - Settlement of Accounts between the United States and Individual States, 1793
  • Folder: 82, "Reflections on the General State of Affairs in Europe" re. commerce, undated
  • Folder: 83, Clippings: House of Representatives of the United States, 1791
  • Folder: 84, Ephemera, 1888

Finding Aids